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Three-Dimensional Structure Determination of Surface Sites with Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Surface Enhanced NMR Spectroscopy

Abstract : The ability to understand the properties of chemical systems relies on their detailed description at the molecular level. Over the last century, several methods based on X-ray diffraction have allowed a structure-based understanding of many materials. However, several key questions often remain unanswered. In particular when the system under investigation is located on a surface. Although an extensive range of surface-sensitive methods are available for surface science and give valuable information, they only lead to a partial understanding of surfaces at the molecular level. Moreover, these methods are not compatible with all kinds of materials and usually require the use of a model and pristine surface. Solid-State NMR would be a method of choice to characterize surfaces. However, the approach suffers from its intrinsically low sensitivity and this is strongly emphasize in the case of surfaces where the atoms of interest are diluted in the matrix. Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) applied to surfaces (SENS) recently emerged as a very promising method to characterize surface sites. It offers a dramatic enhancement of NMR sensitivity and DNP applied to materials has led to many examples in the last ten years. In the present thesis, I have shown that DNP SENS, in combination with EXAFS, allowed the detailed 3D structure determination of the silica-supported organometallic complex determined with a precision of 0.7 angstroms. In parallel, some experimental aspect of DNP SENS have been explored. A spin diffusion has been developed to understand diffusion of hyperpolarization in porous media. A new aqueous DNP matrix, coined DNP Jelly, has been developed to characterize nanoparticles and thus expanding experimental range of DNP SENS. Finally, the first experiment of DNP NMR at fast magic angle spinning (up to 40 kHz) and high field are reported.
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Pierrick Berruyer. Three-Dimensional Structure Determination of Surface Sites with Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Surface Enhanced NMR Spectroscopy. Analytical chemistry. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEN042⟩. ⟨tel-01782401⟩

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