C. V. Raman, A Change of Wave-length in Light Scattering, Nature, vol.121, issue.3051, pp.619-619, 1928.
DOI : 10.1038/121619b0

M. Born and R. Oppenheimer, On the Quantum Theory of Molecules (translation by S, Annalen der Physik, vol.84, 1927.

P. J. Mohr, D. B. Newell, and B. N. Taylor, CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2014 Available: https, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol.88, issue.3, p.35009, 2016.
DOI : 10.6028/NIST.SP.961e2005

E. Smith and G. Dent, Modern Raman Spectroscopy: A Practical Approach, p.7, 2013.
DOI : 10.1002/0470011831

URL : http://cds.cern.ch/record/1137935/files/9780471497943_TOC.pdf

D. A. Long, The Raman Effect, p.55127, 2002.
DOI : 10.1002/0470845767

T. H. Maiman, Stimulated Optical Radiation in Ruby, Nature, vol.187, issue.4736, pp.493-494, 1960.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.4.564

P. D. Maker and R. W. Terhune, Study of Optical Effects Due to an Induced Polarization Third Order in the Electric Field Strength, Physical Review, vol.12, issue.3A, pp.801-818, 1965.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.12.592

R. F. Begley, A. B. Harvey, and R. L. Byer, Coherent anti???Stokes Raman spectroscopy, Applied Physics Letters, vol.25, issue.7, pp.387-390
DOI : 10.1109/JQE.1974.1145780

Y. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics, ser. Pure & Applied Optics Series: 1-349, p.267, 1984.

C. Cohen-tannoudji, B. Diu, and F. Laloe, Quantum Mechanics, ser. Quantum Mechanics, p.298299494, 1991.

E. O. Potma and S. Mukamel, Theory of Coherent Raman Scattering, Coherent Raman Scattering Microscopy, ser. Series in Cellular and Clinical Imaging

P. Hamm, Principles of nonlinear optical spectroscopy: A practical approach or: Mukamel for dummies, 2005.

W. M. Tolles, J. W. Nibler, J. R. Mcdonald, and A. B. Harvey, A Review of the Theory and Application of Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy (CARS), Applied Spectroscopy, vol.54, issue.4, pp.253-271, 1977.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1681902

R. W. Hellwarth, Third-order optical susceptibilities of liquids and solids, Progress in Quantum Electronics, pp.1-68, 1979.
DOI : 10.1016/0079-6727(79)90002-8

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Three-Dimensional Vibrational Imaging by Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering, Physical Review Letters, vol.62, issue.20, pp.4142-4145, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(98)00243-9

W. F. Murphy and H. J. Bernstein, Raman spectra and an assignment of the vibrational stretching region of water, The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol.76, issue.8, pp.1147-1152, 1972.
DOI : 10.1021/j100652a010

G. M. Hale and M. R. Querry, Optical Constants of Water in the 200-nm to 200-??m Wavelength Region, Applied Optics, vol.12, issue.3, pp.555-563, 1973.
DOI : 10.1364/AO.12.000555

T. Wilson, Resolution and optical sectioning in the confocal microscope, Journal of Microscopy, vol.242, issue.2, pp.113-121, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2818.2010.03457.x

M. D. Levenson, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Interference of Resonant and Nonresonant Three-Wave Mixing in Diamond, Physical Review B, vol.4, issue.10, pp.3962-3965, 1972.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevB.4.3437

H. C. Praddaude, D. W. Scudder, and B. Lax, Coherent four???wave scattering in plasmas???application to plasma diagnostics, Applied Physics Letters, vol.8, issue.278, pp.766-768, 1979.
DOI : 10.1063/1.323939

M. D. Duncan, J. Reintjes, and T. J. Manuccia, Scanning coherent anti-Stokes Raman microscope, Optics Letters, vol.7, issue.8, pp.350-352, 1982.
DOI : 10.1364/OL.7.000350

A. Volkmer, J. Cheng, X. Sunney, and . Xie, Vibrational Imaging with High Sensitivity via Epidetected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Microscopy, Physical Review Letters, vol.70, issue.2, p.23901, 2001.
DOI : 10.1063/1.118442

J. Cheng, A. Volkmer, L. D. Book, and X. S. Xie, An Epi-Detected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (E-CARS) Microscope with High Spectral Resolution and High Sensitivity, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol.105, issue.7, pp.1277-1280, 2001.
DOI : 10.1021/jp003774a

X. S. Xie, J. Cheng, and E. Potma, Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Microscopy, pp.595-606, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/978-0-387-45524-2_33

J. Cheng and X. S. Xie, Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Microscopy:?? Instrumentation, Theory, and Applications, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol.108, issue.3, pp.827-840, 2004.
DOI : 10.1021/jp035693v

S. Akhmanov, A. Bunkin, S. Ivanov, and N. Koroteev, Polarization active Raman spectroscopy and coherent Raman ellipsometry, Soviet Physics Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, vol.47, p.667, 1978.

J. Oudar, R. W. Smith, and Y. R. Shen, Polarization???sensitive coherent anti???Stokes Raman spectroscopy, Applied Physics Letters, vol.28, issue.11, p.758, 1979.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevA.18.1529

J. X. Cheng, L. D. Book, and X. S. Xie, Polarization coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy, Optics Letters, vol.26, issue.17, pp.1341-1343, 2001.
DOI : 10.1364/OL.26.001341

URL : http://bernstein.harvard.edu/papers/BiophysJCheng2002.pdf

A. Laubereau, W. Kaiser-]-t, K. Ito, U. Kobayashi, S. Czarnetzki et al., Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated Chapitre 3 : ´ Electro-CARS Bibliographie Rapid formation of electric field profiles in repetitively pulsed high-voltage high-pressure nanosecond discharges, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol.43, issue.1 6, p.62001, 2010.

T. Ito, T. Kanazawa, and S. Hamaguchi, Rapid Breakdown Mechanisms of Open Air Nanosecond Dielectric Barrier Discharges, Physical Review Letters, vol.107, issue.6, p.65002, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/0022-3727/42/9/092003

O. A. Evsin, E. B. Kupryanova, V. N. Ochkin, S. Y. Savinov, and S. N. Tskhai, Determination of the intensities of electric fields in gases and plasmas by the CARS method, Quantum Electronics, vol.25, issue.3, pp.278-282, 1995.
DOI : 10.1070/QE1995v025n03ABEH000345

S. Yatom, S. Tskhai, and Y. E. Krasik, Electric field in a plasma channel in a highpressure nanosecond discharge in hydrogen: A coherent anti-stokes Raman scattering study, Physical Review Letters, vol.111, issue.25, pp.1-5, 2013.

A. M. Zheltikov, N. I. Koroteev, A. N. Naumov, V. N. Ochkin, S. Y. Savinov et al., Measurement of electric fields in a plasma with the aid of the coherent four-wave mixing polarisation technique, Quantum Electronics, vol.29, issue.1, pp.73-76, 1999.
DOI : 10.1070/QE1999v029n01ABEH001415

S. N. Tskhai, D. A. Akimov, S. V. Mitko, V. N. Ochkin, A. Y. Serdyuchenko et al., Time-resolved polarization-sensitive measurements of the electric field in a sliding discharge by means of dc field-induced coherent Raman scattering, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol.70, issue.3, pp.177-181, 2001.
DOI : 10.1134/1.568183

H. Park and O. D. Lavrentovich, CARS Microscopy Study of Liquid Crystals, " in Coherent Raman Scattering Microscopy, ser. Series in Cellular and Clinical Imaging, pp.22-463, 2012.

B. G. Saar, H. Park, X. S. Xie, and O. D. Lavrentovich, Three-dimensional imaging of chemical bond orientation in liquid crystals by coherent anti- Stokes Raman scattering microscopy, Optics Express, vol.15, issue.21, p.13585, 2007.
DOI : 10.1364/OE.15.013585

A. Griffin, Liquid Crystals and Ordered Fluids, p.91, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4613-2661-8

A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, P. N. Prasad, and I. I. Smalyukh, Realignment-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering and three-dimensional imaging in anisotropic fluids, Optics Express, vol.16, issue.14, p.10617, 2008.
DOI : 10.1364/OE.16.010617.m002

URL : http://arxiv.org/pdf/0807.0671

F. Bassri, Sources lasers déclenchées nanosecondes : applicationsàapplicationsà la spectroscopie raman cohérente sous champélectriquechampélectrique, 2014.

G. He and S. Liu, Physics of Nonlinear Optics, World Scientific, issue.7, p.86, 1999.
DOI : 10.1142/3648

K. Kerl and H. Varchmin, Refractive index dispersion (RID) of some liquids in the UV/VIS between 20??C and 60??C, Journal of Molecular Structure, vol.349, pp.257-260, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-2860(95)08758-N

Y. J. Lee, S. L. Vega, P. J. Patel, K. A. Aamer, P. V. Moghe et al., Quantitative, Label-Free Characterization of Stem Cell Differentiation at the Single-Cell Level by Broadband Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Microscopy, Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods, vol.20, issue.7, pp.562-569, 2014.
DOI : 10.1089/ten.tec.2013.0472

M. Shiozawa, M. Shirai, J. Izumisawa, M. Tanabe, and K. Watanabe, Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering hyperspectral imaging of cartilage aiming for state discrimination of cell, Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol.21, issue.7, p.76004, 2016.
DOI : 10.1117/1.JBO.21.7.076004

H. Segawa, M. Okuno, P. Leproux, V. Couderc, T. Ozawa et al., Multimodal Imaging of Living Cells with Multiplex Coherent Anti-stokes Raman Scattering (CARS), Third-order Sum Frequency Generation (TSFG) and Two-photon Excitation Fluorescence (TPEF) Using a Nanosecond White-light Laser Source, Analytical Sciences, vol.31, issue.4, pp.299-305, 2015.
DOI : 10.2116/analsci.31.299

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01321491

C. M. Hartshorn, Y. J. Lee, C. H. Camp, Z. Liu, J. Heddleston et al., Multicomponent Chemical Imaging of Pharmaceutical Solid Dosage Forms with Broadband CARS Microscopy, Analytical Chemistry, vol.85, issue.17, pp.8102-8111, 2013.
DOI : 10.1021/ac400671p

J. Cheng, A. Volkmer, L. D. Book, and X. S. Xie, An Epi-Detected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (E-CARS) Microscope with High Spectral Resolution and High Sensitivity, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol.105, issue.7, pp.1277-1280, 2001.
DOI : 10.1021/jp003774a

D. Pestov, R. K. Murawski, G. O. Ariunbold, X. Wang, M. Zhi et al., Optimizing the Laser-Pulse Configuration for Coherent Raman Spectroscopy, Science, vol.316, issue.5822, pp.265-268, 2007.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1139055

C. L. Evans and X. S. Xie, Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Microscopy: Chemical Imaging for Biology and Medicine, Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry, vol.1, issue.1, pp.883-909, 2008.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.anchem.1.031207.112754

W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy, Science, vol.248, issue.4951, pp.73-76, 1990.
DOI : 10.1126/science.2321027

K. C. Neuman, E. H. Chadd, G. F. Liou, K. Bergman, and S. M. Block, Characterization of Photodamage to Escherichia coli in Optical Traps, Biophysical Journal, vol.77, issue.5, pp.2856-631, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(99)77117-1

K. König, Multiphoton microscopy in life sciences, Journal of Microscopy, vol.200, issue.2, pp.83-104, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2818.2000.00738.x

Y. Fu, H. Wang, R. Shi, and J. Cheng, Characterization of photodamage in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy, Optics Express, vol.14, issue.9, pp.3942-3951, 2006.
DOI : 10.1364/OE.14.003942

B. R. Master, P. T. So, C. Buehler, N. Barry, J. D. Sutin et al., Mitigating thermal mechanical damage potential during two-photon dermal imaging, Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol.9, issue.6, pp.9-9, 2004.
DOI : 10.1117/1.1806135

Y. Liu, D. K. Cheng, G. J. Sonek, M. W. Berns, and B. J. Tromberg, Microfluorometric technique for the determination of localized heating in organic particles, Applied Physics Letters, vol.3, issue.7, pp.919-921, 1994.
DOI : 10.1364/OL.11.000288

K. König, P. T. So, W. W. Mantulin, B. J. Tromberg, and E. Gratton, Twophoton excited lifetime imaging of autofluorescence in cells during UVA and NIR photostress, Journal of Microscopy, vol.183, issue.3, pp.197-204, 1996.

A. Hopt and E. Neher, Highly Nonlinear Photodamage in Two-Photon Fluorescence Microscopy, Biophysical Journal, vol.80, issue.4, pp.2029-2036, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(01)76173-5

URL : https://doi.org/10.1016/s0006-3495(01)76173-5

H. Wang, Y. Fu, and J. Cheng, Experimental observation and theoretical analysis of Raman resonance-enhanced photodamage in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy, Journal of the Optical Society of America B, vol.24, issue.3, p.544, 2007.
DOI : 10.1364/JOSAB.24.000544

S. Lim, Interferometric Multiplex CARS, " in Coherent Raman Scattering Microscopy, ser. Series in Cellular and Clinical Imaging, pp.14-326, 2012.

C. H. Camp-jr, Y. J. Lee, J. M. Heddleston, C. M. Hartshorn, A. R. Hight-walker et al., High-speed coherent Raman fingerprint imaging of biological tissues, Nature Photonics, vol.20, issue.8, pp.627-634, 2014.
DOI : 10.1021/ac400671p

Z. Wang, W. Zheng, C. Hsu, and Z. Huang, Epi-detected quadruple-modal nonlinear optical microscopy for label-free imaging of the tooth, Applied Physics Letters, vol.7183, issue.3, p.33701, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/S0006-3495(01)76173-5

H. W. Wang, T. T. Le, and J. X. Cheng, Label-free imaging of arterial cells and extracellular matrix using a multimodal CARS microscope, Optics Communications, vol.281, issue.7, pp.1813-1822, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.optcom.2007.07.067

J. Saarinen, E. Sözeri, S. J. Fraser-miller, L. Peltonen, H. A. Santos et al., Insights into Caco-2 cell culture structure using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy, International Journal of Pharmaceutics, vol.523, issue.1, pp.270-280, 2017.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2017.03.015

H. K. Chiang, F. Peng, S. Hung, and Y. Feng, Raman spectroscopic monitoring of hydroxyapatite as human mesenchymal stem cells differentiate into osteoblasts, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol.20, issue.5, pp.546-549, 2009.
DOI : 10.1002/jrs.2161

H. Segawa, Y. Kaji, P. Leproux, V. Couderc, T. Ozawa et al., using a white-light laser source, Journal of Biophotonics, vol.22, issue.9, pp.705-713
DOI : 10.1364/OE.22.010416

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01321594

. Available, epdf Publications Articles dans une revue

V. Pagnoux, P. Couderc, and . Leproux, M-CARS and EFISHG study of the influence of a static electric field on a non-polar molecule, Proc. SPIE, p.5, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01293930

C. Louot, E. Capitaine, B. M. Shalaby, K. Krupa, A. Tonello et al., All-normal dispersion supercontinuum generation in the near-infrared by Raman conversion in standard optical fiber, Proc. SPIE, p.7, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01288127

F. Bassri, C. Lefort, E. Capitaine, C. Louot, D. Pagnoux et al., Nanosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering for particle size characterization, Proc. SPIE, p.6, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01301658

C. Louot, B. M. Shalaby, E. Capitaine, S. Hilaire, P. Leproux et al., Supercontinuum Generation in an Ytterbium-Doped Photonic Crystal Fiber for CARS Spectroscopy, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol.28, issue.19, pp.2011-2014, 2016.
DOI : 10.1109/LPT.2016.2578721

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01376772

P. Pagnoux, V. Leproux, and . Couderc, Spectro-temporal shaping of supercontinuum for subnanosecond time-coded M-CARS spectroscopy, Optics Letters, vol.41, issue.21, pp.5007-5010, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01391505

E. Capitaine, N. Ould-moussa, C. Louot, C. Lefort, D. Pagnoux et al., Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering under electric field stimulation, Physical Review B, vol.94, issue.24, p.245136, 2016.
DOI : 10.1109/LPT.2013.2285445

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01508681

. Couderc, Refroidissement moléculaire induit par champélectriquechampélectrique ; mise enévidenceenévidence par spectroscopie non linéaire CARS, COLOQ 2014, 2015.

C. Publications, B. M. Louot, E. Shalaby, S. Capitaine, D. Hilaire et al., Génération d'un spectre infrarougè a forte densité spectrale de puissance dédiédédié`dédiéà la spectroscopie CARS polychromatique, Journées Nationales d'Optique Guidée (JNOG), 2015.

C. Louot, E. Capitaine, D. Pagnoux, P. Leproux, C. Lefort et al., Conversion de fréquence dans les fibres optiques : applicationà application`applicationà la microscopie non linéaire sous influencé electrique, ENOVA, 4` eme congrès des applications des Fibres Optiques, 2015.

I. Plazanet, E. Capitaine, D. Moine, E. Poli, S. Lhernould et al., Le bois de douglas en images, 4` eme journées scientifiques du GDR 3544 Sciences du Bois, Centre des Cézeaux

E. Capitaine, C. Louot, C. Lefort, D. Pagnoux, V. Couderc et al., Electric Field Mapping and Dosimetry by means of Spontaneous and Coherent Raman Microspectroscopy, Proceeding of SPIE " Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences XVI, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01288120

C. Louot, E. Capitaine, B. M. Shalaby, K. Krupa, A. Tonello et al., All-normal dispersion supercontinuum generation in the near-infrared by Raman conversion in standard optical fiber, Proceeding of SPIE " Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications XV, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01288127

F. Bassri, C. Lefort, E. Capitaine, C. Louot, D. Pagnoux et al., Nanosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering for Particle Size Characterization " in Proceeding of SPIE " Optical biopsy XIV: toward real-time spectroscopic imaging and diagnosis, 2016.

. Pagnoux, Multimodal imaging under supercontinuum illumination and electric field stimulation " in 4` eme symposium du LAPHIA, p.2016

E. Capitaine, I. Plazanet, N. Ould-moussa, C. Louot, G. Costa et al., Microspectroscopie Epi-CARS Multiplex Ultrabroadband, Journées Nationales d'Optique Guidée (JNOG), 2017.

C. Publications, E. Louot, B. M. Capitaine, K. Shalaby, P. Krupa et al., Génération de supercontinuum dans une fibre optique monomode standard en régime de dispersion normale par cascade Raman, Journées Nationales d'Optique Guidée (JNOG), 2017.