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Etude des mécanismes de formation des patines manganésifères des grès du château de Lunéville

Abstract : The formation of iron and/or manganese black patina on sandstone buildings is a phenomenon observed for various environments but which is not fully understood yet. The palace of Lunéville, in eastern France, is an interesting example because it has patinas that have developed in different conditions : some seem to have grown naturally while others have appeared on stones which were exposed to a fire. These stones experienced an increase of their surface temperature, but most of all, they were subjected to a substantial volume of water as part of attempts to extinguish the fire. The goal of this thesis is to understand the formation of the patinas by investigating different sandstone facies collected from the palace of Lunéville and from quarry. In order to understand the influence of the sandstones intrinsic parameters, the patinated and unpatinated facies were compared from petrophysical, chemical and mineralogical point of view, using laboratory techniques (optical and electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrometry, permeability, porosity and capillarity measurements, ...) and large instruments (Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) on the AGLAE proton accelerator, X-ray micro-diffraction analysis and X-ray absorption micro spectroscopy (XANES) at the SOLEIL synchrotron). In addition to this characterization, patinas coming from different environments were also compared in order to extract the main extrinsic parameters. Finally, the dynamical aspect of the release of manganese from the sandstones was investigated by conducting dissolution experiments at various pH, and by demonstrating the possibility to recreate a Mn patina in laboratory, using sandstone imbibition techniques. The results allow to propose a model for the patina formation based on the dissolution of the Mn-phases initially present in the sandstones’ bulks, followed by the migration through the porous network towards the surface of the ions released in the solution
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Laure Gatuingt. Etude des mécanismes de formation des patines manganésifères des grès du château de Lunéville. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1085⟩. ⟨tel-01781425⟩

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