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Les raisins de la domination. Histoire sociale de l'Alcool en Tunisie sous le Protectorat (1881-1956)

Abstract : In my Phd I have tried to analyse the link between men and wine (and to a larger extent alcohol in general) during the French colonization of Tunisia (1881-1956), in an area where the State was then subject to much change. The state quickly organized wine production, first to meet the demand of metropolitan France, where phylloxeria's disease had been spreading. The State made a law, to frame out the colon society, which at that time considered that high quality production was quintessiential to its identity. Every person who wished to open an alcohol « store » was to send a specific « request » to the governor of each region. The governor then asked the police, and decided on whether to grant the authorization or not. This « matter » concerned every worker of the administration, and alcohol trade is a good means for an analyisis of the State's day-to-day work. More specifically, cafés, as a place of exchange, played a very important role in the « setting up » of the state's legitimacy. Finally, despite the economical interests at stake, the state imposed much control on wine consumption. For example, the state very quickly decided to ban the sale of alcohol to Muslims. This policy, set up in order to control a/an expanding growing economic « area », and which was difficult to enforce, was a way to forge an alliance with religious authorities, and set up an orientalist policy for colonies.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01780795
Contributor : Nessim Znaien <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 27, 2018 - 7:58:05 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 4:18:23 PM

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Nessim Znaien. Les raisins de la domination. Histoire sociale de l'Alcool en Tunisie sous le Protectorat (1881-1956). Histoire. Université Paris 1 - Panthéon Sorbonne, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01780795⟩

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