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Supplémentation alimentaire et développement cognitif de l'enfant de 2 ans au Togo

Abstract : The relation between the food supplementation and the cognitive development of 2 years old infants in Lomé, TOGO, was explored in this research. After a review of the literature in developmental nutritional psychology, the study presents three empirical contributions. The first study defines the context of the research by questioning the naive theories of 75 mothers of Lomé on the "good to eat" for the child. The results indicate that for the majority of the mothers, the good to eat means feeding in sufficient amount several times a day. The answer is frequent all the more as the academic level of the mothers is low. The criterion of the quality of food is expressed in the more educated groups. The quality of food and the balance of the meals are much less quoted than the quantity. The knowledge by the mothers of the food complements is limited.The central study compares the 2 years old infant’s success with items cognitive of the cognitive scale of development of Bayley, as they consume regularly or not food supplements in the form of flours enriched during their early childhood. It shows an effect of the consumption on the scores in the tests. This effect increased according to parameters as the size of the family, the academic level of the mothers, the ethnic group.Finally, the third study examines the representations of the mothers concerning with the effect of the food supplements. 44 mothers who use regularly flours answered. Their answers indicate that they consider that flours facilitate the growth of the child, in particular his weight, and also its intellectual development.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 27, 2018 - 12:14:05 PM
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Kokouvi Ganké Xavier Allado. Supplémentation alimentaire et développement cognitif de l'enfant de 2 ans au Togo. Psychologie. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMR115⟩. ⟨tel-01780235⟩

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