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Theses

Développement de méthodes de diagnostic rapide d'erreurs innées du métabolisme associées à des troubles neurologiques

Abstract : Inborn errors of metabolism are inherited diseases that can alter the synthesis and transport of neurotransmitters. The diagnosis of these conditions is currently based on the chromatographic analysis of a biological fluid [plasma, urine, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)]. The aim of this thesis was to develop simple and rapid methods for the diagnosis of neurotransmitter disorders. Firstly, we developed and validated the simultaneous determination of dopamine, serotonin, and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) metabolites by ultrahigh pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled to sequential electrochemical and fluorimetric detection. This method was applied to the analysis of 1372 CSF samples, thus establishing the frequent ranges of the French population. In order to transpose the previous method into UHPLC coupled to mass spectrometry (MS), we studied the mechanisms of auto- and electro- oxidation of BH4, by Differential Ion Mobility coupled to high resolution MS (FTICR) in conjunction with Infra-Red photo-dissociation. This work allowed us to isolate and characterize qBH2, the transient reaction intermediate of BH4, involved in the mechanism of action of the latter. The proposed UHPLC-MS/MS method also allows the simultaneous determination of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate.
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Aurélien Lo. Développement de méthodes de diagnostic rapide d'erreurs innées du métabolisme associées à des troubles neurologiques. Chimie analytique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS504⟩. ⟨tel-01779568⟩

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