Phylogeny of dependencies and dependencies of phylogenies in genes and genomes

Wandrille Duchemin 1, 2
2 BEAGLE - Artificial Evolution and Computational Biology
LIRIS - Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d'information, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LBBE - Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive - UMR 5558
Abstract : Molecular evolution, based on the study of sequencing data, established itself as a fundamental approach in the study of the history of living organisms (noticeably through the inference of phylogenetic trees). Classical molecular evolution methods rely on the decomposition of genomes into entities that are supposed independent: genes. However we know that genes do not evolve independently: their potential biological function lead them to be influenced by (and influence) the evolution of other genes. Moreover, their position along chromosomes imply that they share events of structural mutations (duplication, loss of a chromosome fragment) with neighbouring genes. Similarly, a gene individual history inscribes itself in the history of the species that bears it. I show that not taking into account this inter-dependency relationships (co- evolutionary relationships) during the inference of gene trees results in an overesti- mation of the differences between gene trees as well as between gene tree and species tree. Modelling efforts these last year have allowed the integration of gene and species co-evolution information to the reconstruction of gene trees. Besides, researchers have proposed models describing the evolution of the relationships linking genes, but without integration of this information in the tree building process. My works aim to combine these advances in a method that modify gene trees according to a criterion that integrates sequence information and information coming from co-evolution relationships. This method, applied to mammals and fungi, leads to gene histories that are more congruent (simpler adjacency histories, longer events of loss or transfer, ...)
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Wandrille Duchemin. Phylogeny of dependencies and dependencies of phylogenies in genes and genomes. Molecular biology. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1264⟩. ⟨tel-01779517⟩

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