Esclavage et inventions spirituelles afro-brésiliennes : du Vudum Lebabimibome aux contes populaires

Abstract : This dissertation aims to show how the enslavement of African peoples on the African continent and in the Americas has deeply influenced the spiritual and intellectual lives of Africans both on the continent and in the diaspora, particularly in Brazil. African peoples learned from the beginning how to dialogue with other Africans ethnicities and how to assess the cultural values being imposed by those people who dominated them. They could transform those values to their needs. Also they managed to safeguard their ancestral spiritual heritage, creating a vudu, known as Lebabimibome, merged with the Messenger of the Fon/Yoruba religion Eshu-Legba, and with a monkey. In this way they wittingly illustrated the European idea that Africans were the missing link between men and monkeys. Some Africans strategically accepted this image and used it to escape slavery by refusing to use spoken words in their relationship with Europeans and Native Americans. By using the monkey's guile, as described in these animal tales, the oral tradition could integrate the hermeneutical aspect of Eshu-Legba to translate the social history of the enslaved and subaltern peoples within these fables which function as archives in Brazilian society.
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Hildebrando Almeida Cerqueira. Esclavage et inventions spirituelles afro-brésiliennes : du Vudum Lebabimibome aux contes populaires. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015USPCB181⟩. ⟨tel-01778552⟩

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