Etude de l’isospin dans les collisions $^{40,48} $Ca+$^{40,48}$Ca à 35 AMeV

Abstract : In this work we study the 40,48 Ca+ 40,48 Ca collisions at E = 35 AM eV , measured at GANIL with the coupling of the large acceptance spectrometer VAMOS and the multi-detector array INDRA. During such collisions transport models predict the formation of a low-density neckbetween two hot fragments kinematicaly close to the projectile and the target. The isotopic identification of the projectile-like fragment (PLF) provided by VAMOS, coupled to the topology of the light-charged particles (LCP) detected in coincidence with INDRA, show that the N/Z ratio of the products is influenced by the N/Z of the system (projectile and target). The mean multiplicities associated to the LCP follow a hierarchy according to the system, and the one associated to deuterons and α particles may well reflect a dynamical production. A studyof the isotopic ratios have highlighted isospin transport mechanisms : the isospin drift and the isospin diffusion, both linked to the symmetry energy term of the nuclear equation of state. A goal of this work was also to constrain theoretical models using experiment. We have thenapplied a systematic study to compare data with the geometrical model elie and the transport model amd, both filtered, and using gemini++ as after-burner. This study have highlighted that the amd model with an asysoft equation of state better fits the experimental evolutionof the N/Z of the PLF and also the LCP mean multiplicites shapes. Finally we have observed that the isotopic ratios don’t reproduce the neutron-enrichment of the mid-rapidity observed in the data.
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Quentin Fable. Etude de l’isospin dans les collisions $^{40,48} $Ca+$^{40,48}$Ca à 35 AMeV. Physique Nucléaire Expérimentale [nucl-ex]. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC202⟩. ⟨tel-01775269⟩

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