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Random Planar Maps coupled to Spin Systems

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to improve our understanding of random planar maps decorated by statistical physics models. We examine three particular models using tools coming from analysis, combinatorics and probability. From a geometric perspective, we focus on the interface properties and the local limits of the decorated random maps. The first model defines a family of random quadrangulations of the disk decorated by an O(n)-loop model. After completing the proof of its phase diagram initiated in [BBG12c] (Chap. II), we look into the lengths and the nesting structure of the loops in the non-generic critical phase (Chap. III). We show that these statistics, described as a labeled tree, converge in distribution to an explicit multiplicative cascade when the perimeter of the disk tends to infinity. The second model (Chap. IV) consists of random planar maps decorated by the Fortuin-Kasteleyn percolation. We complete the proof of its local convergence sketched in [She16b] and establish a number of properties of the limit. The third model (Chap. V) is that of random triangulations of the disk decorated by the Ising model. It is closely related to the O(n)-decorated quadrangulation when n=1. We compute explicitly the partition function of the model with Dobrushin boundary conditions at its critical point, in a form ameneable to asymptotics. Using these asymptotics, we study the peeling process along the Ising interface in the limit where the perimeter of the disk tends to infinity.Key words. Random planar map, O(n) loop model, Fortuin-Kasteleyn percolation, Ising model, local limit, interface geometry.
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Linxiao Chen. Random Planar Maps coupled to Spin Systems. Combinatorics [math.CO]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS096⟩. ⟨tel-01774839⟩

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