Memoria e potere in Madagascar : tracce di storia nella tradizione arabico-malgascia (XV-XIX secolo)

Abstract : The thesis presents some historical episodes concerning the Malagasy antemoro group from a privileged source: the Arabico-Malagasy manuscripts or sorabe from talily genre. The aim is to rediscover the historiographical and anthropological value of a native written tradition often confined to the margins of literature. Taking into consideration the functional details to understand antemoro social organization, and the introduction of writing in Madagascar and Arabico-Malagasy alphabet, three episodes are introduced: the settlement of antemoro ancestors on the banks of the lower Matitanana through the unpublished manuscript HB-6 ( Académie des Sciences d'Outre Mer) in the fifteenth century; the wars of the French general La Case (1659-1663) through the manuscripts published by Gallieni and 61.60.212 of the Musée de l'Homme; the use of writing by antemoro nobles in the merina court service (1790 ca.1828) through diplomatic documents written by the king Radama I (1810-1828) and his collaborators. The episodes are examined in depth thanks to the European archival records, oral traditions and ethnographic reports, to communicate the micro-history of sorabe texts with general historical processes, in the long term (XV-XIX century). This allows the highlighting of historiographical value of the manuscripts and the unique historical information contained therein. At the same time, the anthropological attention permits the pointing out of the social role of the Arabico-Malagasy writing: it has been used by antemoro noble groups as a connecting tool for past, present and future to create a memory aimed at keeping political and cultural dynamics in their favor.
Keywords : Writing
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Silvia Neposteri. Memoria e potere in Madagascar : tracce di storia nella tradizione arabico-malgascia (XV-XIX secolo). Sociology. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité; Università degli studi (Pavie, Italie), 2017. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCF020⟩. ⟨tel-01774551⟩

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