De la densité des fluides électroniques dans deux oxydes supraconducteurs

Abstract : This thesis consists of two parts.The first one is about the lower critical field of strontium titanate, measured thanks to an array of Hall micro-probes tailored in a 2D electron gas. The value of the lower critical field allows us to quantify superfluid density at six different dopings spreading all along the superconducting dome. At low doping, we find that it follows the normal state carrier density while it dramatically falls above optimal doping. Analyzing our results in the context of the Homes law, we understand that this drop is due to the entering into the dirty limit. A multiband fit Hc1(T) in this context seems to indicate that superconductivity is born in the lowest band and only induced in the two others.In the second part, we focus on the carrier density, n, of the cuprate Nd-LSCO. We measure six samples with doping close to the pseudogap critical point p*, thanks to three different transport probes : Hall effect, resistivity and Seebeck effect. We find that entering the pseudogap phase induces a drop in n from 1+p to p. The comparison of the different probes shows that this drop is due to a Fermi surface reconstruction and that both holes and electrons pockets may exist just under p*. This observation is consistent with an antiferromagnetic scenario. Finally, we find that mobility is not affected by the pseudogap and that transport measurements seems insensitive to the diverging effective mass as observed by specific heat.
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Clément Collignon. De la densité des fluides électroniques dans deux oxydes supraconducteurs. Physique [physics]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI; Université de Sherbrooke (Québec, Canada), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066326⟩. ⟨tel-01773453v2⟩

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