Méthodes statistiques pour la différenciation génotypique des plantes à l’aide des modèles de croissance

Abstract : Plant growth models can be used in order to predict quantities of interest or assess the genotypic variability of a population of plants; this dual use is emphasized throughout this work.Three plant growth models are therefore considered (LNAS for sugar beet and wheat, GreenLab for Arabidopsis thaliana) within the mathematical framework of general state space models.A new generic computing platform for modelling and statistical inference (ADJUSTIN’) has been developed in Julia, allowing to simulate the plant growth models considered as well as the use of state-of-the-art estimation techniques such as Markov chain Monte Carlo and sequential Monte Carlo methods.Statistical inference within plant growth models is of primary importance for concrete applications such as yield prediction, parameter and state estimation methods within general state-space models in a Bayesian framework were first studied and several case studies for the plants considered are then investigated in the case of an individual plant.The characterization of the variability of a population of plants is envisioned through the distributions of parameters using Bayesian hierarchical models. This approach requiring the acquisition of numerous data for each individual, a segmentation-tracking algorithm for the analysis of images of Arabidopsis thaliana, obtained thanks to the Phenoscope, a high-throughput phenotyping platform of INRA Versailles, is proposed.Finally, the interest of using Bayesian hierarchical models to evidence the variability of a population of plants is discussed. First through the study of different scenarios on simulated data, and then by using the experimental data acquired via image analysis for the population of Arabidopsis thaliana comprising 48 individuals.
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Gautier Viaud. Méthodes statistiques pour la différenciation génotypique des plantes à l’aide des modèles de croissance. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLC020⟩. ⟨tel-01772414⟩

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