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Innovative waste treatment by composting with minerals and worms : effects on carbon storage, soil properties and plant growth

Abstract : Due to bio-oxidative mechanisms, composting and vermicomposting produce a large amount of CO2 emissions. Therefore, in this study we aimed to assess (1) the potential stabilization of carbon of fresh organic matter due to mineral presence, with and without worms, and (2) the influence of minerals on maturity and quality of the finished products. The first experiment was based on a laboratory incubation of fresh organic matter, which allowed to obtain composts and vermicomposts, with and without minerals, to monitor carbon emissions and to analyse the final products. A second incubation was carried out to investigate the effect of these products as organic amendment on an arenic cambisol. Finally, the last experiment was carried out to assess the use of co-composts and co-vermicomposts as potting media, by following the growth of. A.Thaliana. The presence of minerals during composting induced a decrease of carbon emission, likely due to the formation of organo-mineral associations or shift of microbial communities. Moreover, the use of co-compost as soil conditioner may allow to increase soil carbon storage, compared to a regular compost. Although the physico-chemical characteristics of the end-products were optimum for its use as potting media, no beneficial aspects on A.Thaliana growth has been observed. In presence of worms during co-composting, the carbon emissions were increased due to worm activities but the positive effect of minerals was still observed. In addition, worms improved the nutrient availability in the end products. Therefore, co-vermicompost tended to improve soil properties and to enhance plant growth compared to a regular (vermi)compost.
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Justine Taverne. Innovative waste treatment by composting with minerals and worms : effects on carbon storage, soil properties and plant growth. Ecology, environment. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066370⟩. ⟨tel-01770413⟩

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