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Fabrication, structural and optical study of self-assembled hyperbolic metamaterial

Abstract : Novel optical properties in the visible range are foreseen when organizing nanoresonators, which can be performed by the self-assembly of plasmonic nanoparticles prepared by wet chemistry. In this project, we use templating block copolymers structures to organize plasmonic particles. Our goal is to relate the structure of the prepared nanocomposites thin films, and in particular the nature, density and spatial organization of the nanoparticles, with their optical index.For this purpose, we first fabricate lamellar superlattices of diblock copolymers (poly(styrene)-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine) of controlled thickness (100nm-700nm), controlled lamellar period size(17 nm-70 nm) and optimized alignment and homogeneity. Following the fabrication of the multilayer templates, an in situ and reproducible synthesis of metallic nanoparticles was developed in order to generate nanocomposites selectively inside the P2VP layers. The size of Au nanoparticles can be well controlled around 7-10 nm. We also found that the reduction process could influence the shape (sphere, triangle or cylinder) and size by using different solvents or reducing agents. Because the extraction of accurate optical responses from the spectroscopic ellipsometry data, which will come in the last part, critically relies on the precise knowledge of the sample structure. We have used several experimental techniques to access a precise description of the produced materials. In particular, we used a Quartz Crystal Microbalance as a measurement tool to ‘kinetically’ study the volume fraction of Au loading. We find that the amount of gold in the composite layers can be varied up to typically 40 volume%. The optical properties of the nanocomposite films are determined by variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry and analyzed by appropriately developed effective medium models. The films are structurally uniaxial and homogeneous, and we can define their dielectric permittivity tensor with the ordinary (parallel to the substrate) and extraordinary (normal to the substrate) components. The analysis of the lamellar structures allows the extraction of the components εo and εe, both presenting a resonance close to =540nm, with a significantly stronger amplitude for εo. When the gold load is high enough and the couplings between particles are strong enough, the values of εo become negative close to the resonance, and the material reaches the so-called hyperbolic regime, which constitutes a step towards applications in hyper-resolution imaging.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 18, 2018 - 3:35:06 PM
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Xuan Wang. Fabrication, structural and optical study of self-assembled hyperbolic metamaterial. Other. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0694⟩. ⟨tel-01770066⟩

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