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Concept de soi et miroir social des enfants en milieu scolaire : étude du rôle des processus de comparaison sociale de soi et du soutien social

Abstract : This dissertation focuses on children’s contribution to the relationship betweenlooking-glass-self and self-concept. This research has been inspired by James (1890),Baldwin (1897) and Wallon (1959) psychosocial work, especially Cooley’s conception of thelooking-glass-self theory (1902). Nurra & Pansu (2009) study has improved the lookingglass-self operationalization by taking into account the mediator role of vertical significantother’ reflected appraisal (parents and teacher). However, study emphasized that peers mayalso contribute to the looking-glass-self (Hue, 2006) and that children’s self-assessment mayemerge from peer’s comparison (Boissicat, et al., 2012). This research intends to develop thelooking-glass-self model by integrating the role of horizontal significant other’ reflectedappraisal at elementary school (peers), social comparison and social support in the emergenceof a sense of self. This study was conducted among 1073 elementary school children (51,35%girls; CE1 to CM2), their teacher’s (N = 43) and has examined self-concept using Harter’spsychometric scales (Harter, 1985; 2012). Results indicated mediating and moderatingeffects. Mediating analysis revealed that the relationship between teacher’s actual appraisaland child’s self-confidence could be partially mediated by teacher’s reflected appraisal. Therelationship between peer’s assessment and child’s self-confidence could be also partiallymediated by peer’s reflected appraisal. Results indicated that social comparison, socialsupport and the importance given to domains of competence could be considered asmoderators of the self-concept. This dissertation shows how significant other’s appraisaloperates in the class, their influence on the self-concept and children’s contribution throughthe filter of significant other's reflected appraisal in school context.
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Nahema Bettayeb. Concept de soi et miroir social des enfants en milieu scolaire : étude du rôle des processus de comparaison sociale de soi et du soutien social. Psychologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0897⟩. ⟨tel-01768763⟩

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