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Étude stratigraphique, sédimentologique et paléogéographique des séries paléozoïques du nord du bassin de Ghadamès et de Jefarah en Libye et en Tunisie : caractérisation des réservoirs potentiels

Abstract : The sedimentology and tectonics and their relationship of the Paleozoic series that fill the Ghadames basin and its northern extension consisting of the Jefarah basin in Libya and Tunisia was studied. These formations belong to the Gondwana cycle and are typically interpreted as being deposited in a cratonic basin truncated by the Hercynian unconformity. This study is based on wells. The stratigraphic correlation between the wells is based on the definition of second order cycles. This allowed to produce isopach maps of facies distributions and to reconstruct the paleogeography of the different stratigraphic units. These data allow to address the nature of the deformation and also clarifies the behavior of active high regional areas during the Palaeozoic. The Paleozoic succession in the Ghadames and Jefarah basins can be divided in to five first order sequences, bounded by major tectonic unconformities with sequence duration of 40 - 70 Ma. Within these five sequences eighteen second order sequences (10 - 40 Ma) were differentiated, describing Sequence Boundaries (SB), Maximum Flooding Surfaces (MFS) and sedimentological characteristics. Twenty six wells with its geological well reports and well logs have been used in the study area, i.e. the Ghadames and Jefarah basins (Libya) illustrate how reservoir properties changes laterally and vertically through time (from a proximal to a distal sitting). Two softwares were used, JLog (version 4) petrophysical software for reservoir property analysis and PETREL (Schlumberger software 2014 version) for constructing stratigraphic correlation models. The Paleozoic reservoirs in the study area are spread over a large range of siliciclastic reservoirs with the prospective section extending from Cambrian to Permian. Hydrocarbons within the Ghadames and Jefarah basins originated from two major source rocks: i.e. the Lower Silurian Tanezoft Formation and Middle-Upper Devonian Aouinat Ounine Formation. The nine main Paleozoic reservoirs are respectively the Hassaouna, Haouaz and Memouniat Formations (Lower Paleozoic), Acacus, Tadrart, Ouan Kaza and Tahara Formations (Middle Paleozoic) and M’rar and Asadjefar Formations (Upper Paleozoic). Six stratigraphic cross sections through the area have been reconstructed to illustrate the vertical and lateral reservoir extensions. The dataset demonstrates that the Paleozoic reservoir properties are influenced by both, depositional facies and position within the paleogeographical setting (from proximal to distal part).
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Adel Jabir. Étude stratigraphique, sédimentologique et paléogéographique des séries paléozoïques du nord du bassin de Ghadamès et de Jefarah en Libye et en Tunisie : caractérisation des réservoirs potentiels. Sciences de la Terre. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BOR30031⟩. ⟨tel-01768730⟩

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