Functionalization of polyisoprene : toward the mimic of natural rubber

Abstract : This PhD work focuses on a better comprehension of natural rubber (NR). Indeed, despite thefact that this material has been used for a long time in industry, some properties remainunclear. Previous works of Tanaka allowed to make a link between the biosynthesis of thematerial and its properties. It was thus suggested that NR was composed of a high molar masschain of polyisoprene (PI, > 500 000 g/mol) functionalized at the α and ω chain-end by aprotein and a phospholipidic moiety respectively. These chain-ends would be able to selfassembleinto a pseudo-physical network which would explain some of the superior propertiesof NR. The goal of this PhD work is to synthesize a Protein/PI/Lipid tri-block copolymer inorder to check this hypothesis and to synthesize hybrid material close to NR. First, a 1,4-cishetero-telechelic (ketone/aldehyde) PI of 10 000 g/mol was obtained by chemical degradationof NR, yielding a polymeric chain bearing two different functions at the chain-ends, allowingto perform a selective functionalization with both a lipidic moiety and a protein. Both di-blockcopolymers (PI/Lipid and PI/Protein) were synthesized and studied separately. The PI/Lipiddi-block copolymer revealed interesting properties. The synthesis of PI/Protein di-blockcopolymer revealed more difficult and only PI/Polypeptide di-block copolymer could havebeen obtainded. To this end, PI macro-initiator allowed the Ring-Opening Polymerization odN-carboxyanhydride. Finally, a chemical pathway was established, allowing to synthesize aPolypeptide/PI/Lipid tri-block close to Tanaka’s model.
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Jérémie Grange. Functionalization of polyisoprene : toward the mimic of natural rubber. Polymers. Université de Bordeaux, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018BORD0004⟩. ⟨tel-01768472⟩

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