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Les infirmières de l'éducation nationale en France : éducation et promotion de la santé en milieu scolaire, pratiques et représentations

Abstract : The school is one of the main settings to undertake prevention and health education. The department of health promotion in favor of pupils’ health aims to support the educating community. Health education and prevention in school settings requires to draw from interdisciplinary approaches rooted in a set of values, a holistic approach to the individual, which set the grounds for educational projects on the level of a class and the level of the whole school. Among the people involved in the educating community, school nurses relate to a particular body of professionals. The inclusion of health promotion and health education as part of their missions, has determined a shift in their role, their attitude, and their professional practice. Findings from the literature underline the link between knowledge, systems of social representations, and reference practices which revolve around individual conceptions. This research is based on a mixed methodology to analyze the qualitative data collected via interviews which were carried out with a sample of individuals. A national survey was undertaken at a second stage. The nurses share knowledge on health education and promotion in school settings, but this shared knowledge does not translate into systems of individual conceptions, nor into professional practices, which are heterogeneous, as declared by school staff. Our results show the diversity in conceptions relating to health education, which range from a biomedical approach to professional practice to educational practices. Nurses’ conceptions are strongly influenced by their professional practice within national Education. The role of school nurses in health education depends on their seniority, and ranges from a biomedical conception which involves teaching about health, to a holistic approach of health education, and includes the provision of advice and support to schools, as well as resources to school staff.This research puts forward leads to design pre-service and in-service training, with the underlying objective to promote the development of competences which could support school nurses in promoting health in schools. This would contribute to the reduction of health inequalities as well as to the promotion of academic achievement for all. The central question relating to training design is that of the didactics of health education in a curricular perspective
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Mabrouk Nekaa. Les infirmières de l'éducation nationale en France : éducation et promotion de la santé en milieu scolaire, pratiques et représentations. Education. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1248⟩. ⟨tel-01768261⟩

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