Les auditoria dans le monde romain : Archéologie des salles ou édifices de la paideia, des recitationes et declamationes, du Ier siècle avant notre ère au VIIe siècle de notre ère

Abstract : The archaeological study of the auditoria in the Roman world, as class-room, spaces for recitationes or declamations could seem impossible. From literary sources, these activities was performed in no specific spaces, as portico, bouleuterion, templum, theater, cubiculum and so on…Epigraphical sources are scarce and can’t be linked to well-defined archaeological finds. Furthermore, even such spaces have been real, it seems impossible to identify them: a class-room has not a proper structure. In the XXth century, 20 class-rooms were unearthed in the center of antic Alexandria and more recently, “the Hadrian auditoria” were discovered in the center of Rome; in the past, some spaces or building have been characterized as auditoria but a synthesis has never been tried till now.In the catalogue, 127 rooms or buildings, 84 from archaeological sources, are studied. These rooms or buildings are very various; they have different plans; the elevation is often unknown; the decoration is not specific; the capacity is variable. From this diversity and the difficulties listed up, the problem of the identification of the paideia spaces rises. In fact there is no criterion for the identification: neither the structure, nor the decoration or the ‘iteration’ are specific features. The identification is possible through a method and not from criterion. The method combines different points of view: the study of the structure and iteration of course, but also the architectural syntax, the urban topography, the cultural context and the ‘polyfunctionality’ of the Roman architecture. So the degrees of the belief concerning the suggested identifications are various; so they can be discussed and reappreciated.
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Michèle Villetard. Les auditoria dans le monde romain : Archéologie des salles ou édifices de la paideia, des recitationes et declamationes, du Ier siècle avant notre ère au VIIe siècle de notre ère. Sociologie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIL30022⟩. ⟨tel-01768000⟩

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