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Exploratory research for pathogenesis of papulopustular rosacea and skin barrier research in Besançon and Shanghai

Abstract : Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease that almost exclusively affects the central facial skin. In these years, the morbidity ofrosacea in China has increased significantly. Each clinical signs of rosacea are related by the pathogenesis of this skin disease, and its pathophysiology is very complex, involving various cell types and molecules in the skin, and various subtypes. According these viewpoints, we chose the ERT and PPR patients, and focused on the microorganism and skin barrier to know more about the pathogenesis of rosacea. The first objective of this thesis was to know more about that whether the skin impaired microbiota is a response to changes in the skin microenvironment resulting from rosacea's underlying pathophysiology. And we also interested in the difference between the French rosacea patients and the Chinese patients in the skin barrier function. Another objective was to find the practical non-invasive testing technology to evaluate the rosacea patients'skin barrier damage condition and in the treatment efficacy. Through these testing, we could know more about the skin barrier situation of the patient, which will help us to choose the more suitable therapy approach for the long time treatment period for rosacea patients. Through these 4 years research of this thesis, we have shown that: Standardized Skin Surface Biopsy is a good practical method to measure Demodex Folliculorum density in rosacea and acne patients in clinical experience. RCM may be a better choice than SSSB because of its accuracy, completeness and as an in vivo noninvasive painless procedure. RCM appears to be a more sensitive method which could be used more in research or clinical studies or to follow up treatment or recurrence. According to the results of testing demodex number in les ions of PPR patients, we found that it was much higher in Besancon than Shanghai even ifwe used the same method. The physiological features of rosacea are strongly associated with the interactions between the host and microorganisms, and our data indicate the importance of the bacterial colonization balance on the skin surface. In the pathogenesis ofrosacea, we'd better to care more about the skin dysbiosis with the enhanced immunity responds. RCM can detect in sensitive skin and rosacea patient epidermal damaged structures, including parakeratosis, disarranged honeycomb pattern and reduced honeycomb pattern depth. lt could be used as a new kind of the new auxiliary method in the detection and diagnosis, providing the new mentality for the diagnosis and treatment. It is important that the association of microorganisms, skin biophysical parameters, microenvironment and skin barrier function including physical, chemical and microbial barriers even in normal skin, which is essential for designing skin care products and anti-microbial drugs
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Submitted on : Monday, April 16, 2018 - 9:30:06 AM
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Chao Yuan. Exploratory research for pathogenesis of papulopustular rosacea and skin barrier research in Besançon and Shanghai. Dermatology. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017UBFCE004⟩. ⟨tel-01767270⟩

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