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Propriétés physico-chimiques des carbonates fondus par simulations atomistiques

Abstract : Because of their remarkable physicochemical properties carbonate melts receive an increasing interest in both fundamental and applied fields. Having a clear picture of their properties over a large range of thermodynamic conditions and chemical compositions is important for developing technological devices (e.g. fuel cell technology) and for providing a better understanding of a number of geochemical processes (e.g. role of molten carbonates in the geodynamics of the Earth’s mantle). To model molten carbonates by atomistic simulations, we have developed an optimized clas- sical force field based on experimental data available in the litterature and liquid structure data obtained from ab initio molecular dynamics simulations that we have performed. In implementing this force field into a molecular dynamics simulation code, we have evaluated the thermodynamics (equation of state, surface tension at atmospheric pressure), the microscopic liquid structure and the transport properties (diffusion coefficients, electrical conductivity and viscosity) of a set of molten carbonates (Li2CO3 , Na2 CO3, K2 CO3 , MgCO3, CaCO3 and many of their mixtures) from their melting point to the thermodynamic conditions of the Earth’s upper mantle. Our results are in very good agreement with the data available in the literature. To our knowledge a molecular model for molten carbonates covering such a large domain of thermodynamic conditions, chemical compositions and physico-chemical properties has never been published yet. Based on this model we also discuss some results on molten carbonates at the interface with a vapor phase (noble gases) : surface tension and gas solubility.
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Elsa Desmaele. Propriétés physico-chimiques des carbonates fondus par simulations atomistiques. Chimie-Physique [physics.chem-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066316⟩. ⟨tel-01767010⟩

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