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Quelles compétences en communication interculturelle développer pour l'expatriation professionnelle ? : étude de cas sur l'expatriation de France en Russie, de Russie en France

Abstract : This doctoral work is devoted to the development of intercultural communication skills in the international professional context. The transversality of the field of research has revealed the need to reconcile various epistemological currents, theorizing the relationships between culture, skills, communication, identities and values. This research project was carried out on the basis of an international agreement establishing co-direction of research between the University of Bordeaux Montaigne (information sciences and communication) and the University of Friendship between People in Russia ( RUDN) (Sociology of Management). The work presents the cultural differences influencing intercultural communication, among which are those related to social structure, traditions and norms of behavior, corporate culture, habits and preferences of employees due to expectations of social roles that are awarded by educational institutions. The practical part of the study is an analysis of semi-structured interviews recorded as part of a project entitled "Russia-France intercultural professional dialogue". This is a qualitative study completed by a multiple-choice questionnaire with employees working in a country other than their country of origin (seventy interviews: 35 interviews with Russian executives working in France and 35 interviews with French managers working in Russia). To present the results of the research, the author of the thesis uses a content analysis that has made it possible to draw up a list of sociocultural elements that influence the development of professional competence in intercultural communication: the temporal dimension, the experience of intercultural interaction in moments of crisis, motivation and evolution of the status of the individual on both "personal" and "interpersonal" levels, "economic" factors and "intangible" factors such as recognition of individual, linguistic factors, an attitude towards stereotypes and traditions). The research work proposes a model for the selection and preparation of executives in the field of international cooperation. This model consists of the elements necessary to identify the main target strategies of intercultural learning models in order to apprehend at. a new intercultural experience b. an evolution of the status and professional and personal reputation of the individual c. learning foreign languages. The work introduces a central notion to the thesis, that of "intercultural cooperation space" understood as a security zone, where no one claims to destroy cultural values or traditions, but where everyone is in a state of cooperation.
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Daria Tsukanova. Quelles compétences en communication interculturelle développer pour l'expatriation professionnelle ? : étude de cas sur l'expatriation de France en Russie, de Russie en France. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III; Rossijskij universitet družby narodov (Moskva), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BOR30041⟩. ⟨tel-01764946⟩

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