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Famille et valeurs dans trois romans d' Almudena Grandes : Malena es un nombre de tango, Los aires difíciles et El corazón helado

Abstract : Family has always inspired great novels which often highlight the relationship between the different generations. The subject of family is indeed constantly reinvested by authors regardless of their nationality or the period they depict. Almudena Grandes belongs to such category of writers and gives a paramount role to the family unit. Although a recurring topic in her literary trajectory, it has never been thoroughly studied by critics who yet analyzed many aspects of her work. Because such topic seemed crucial to us in Grandes’s writing, we focused on the family unit in three of her novels, Malena es un nombre de tango, Los aires difíciles and El corazón helado. In our corpus, family is, first and foremost, a group transmitting values which does not appear as a mere reflection of the social microcosm – such comparison being, we believe, a very common one in the field of literary theory. The families under study do not only convey a system of ideological values, but they also belong to a hierarchy of characters which creates a second system of values in turns in agreement with or in opposition to the first one. We thus intend to show the strategies used by Almudena Grandes to impose her own narrative system to the reader.In order to describe Almudena Grandes’s intentions, we decided to approach family through several prisms. Family models and alternative models show the rise of an antagonistic system based on contradictory values – patriarchal and conservative on the one hand, and republican on the other hand. But this chapter also highlights how some characters try to recreate a family outside blood ties or marriage bond, when their actual family is completely perverted or nonexistent. The different family figures – mother, father and siblings – build up an apparently unidirectional hierarchy of characters treated with deference or hostility by the narrative instance. Finally, the chapter related to family secrets unveils the moral ambiguity of some characters – torn apart between being and appearing – who, in two thirds of the cases, are eventually exposed. The discovery of the secret, if any – one character only manages to keep his secret and never confesses who he truly is – forces the characters to redefine themselves and gives them a chance to go through a liberating resilience process.
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Angélique Pestaña Jañez. Famille et valeurs dans trois romans d' Almudena Grandes : Malena es un nombre de tango, Los aires difíciles et El corazón helado. Littératures. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017UBFCH018⟩. ⟨tel-01762945⟩

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