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Modeling the correlation between the energy consumption and the end-to-end traffic of services in large telecommunication networks

Abstract : Internet traffic is growing exponentially. According to Cisco, mobile data traffic will increase sevenfold between 2016 and 2021, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 47%. In order to improve or keep up with users quality of experience (QoE), mobile carriers upgrade the network with additional equipment. As a consequence, the network carbon footprint increases over time, alongside with its energy consumption. In addition, mobile carriers margins are decreasing. Global telecommunication revenues declined by 4% between 2014 and 2015 based on the international telecommunication union (ITU) figures. These concerns fostered a great interest in the research community for reducing networks energy consumption. In this regard, many works in the literature investigate the energy consumed by services on network equipment for optimization purposes notably, focusing on the variable component of energy consumption. Energy consumption of a network equipment is composed of a variable and a fixed components. The variable component is consumed to serve traffic. The fixed component is consumed irrespective of traffic. In this thesis, our objective is to share the responsibility of service categories in the fixed energy consumption. To do so, we use the Shapley value. First, we consider a radio access network and share the responsibility of the service categories it delivers in the fixed energy consumption. The services are classified into five categories, namely, Streaming, Web, Download, Voice and other data services. In addition, we consider the case when some service categories are mandatory to be provided, such as Voice due to legal constraints for instance. Because the Shapley value has a huge computational complexity, we introduce closed-form expressions in order to significantly reduce it. Next, we consider the end-to-end network and all its segments, that is, the mobile access, the fixed access, the collect, the mobile core, the registers, the IP core and the service platforms. For each segment, we share the responsibility of the service categories in the fixed energy consumption with the Shapley-based model introduced in the preceding chapter. We find that Streaming is the service that consumes the most whatever the network segment, except for registers, as it represents the vast majority of Internet traffic. Eventually, we focus on the service categories energy efficiency. First, we consider a base station and compute the services energy efficiency for the cases with and without sleep mode. Then, we consider a radio access network and compute the services energy efficiency with and without a mandatory player. Moreover, we discuss the conditions to not deteriorate the network energy efficiency over time following different upgrade scenarios
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Submitted on : Monday, April 9, 2018 - 4:33:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01762147, version 1

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Wilfried Yoro. Modeling the correlation between the energy consumption and the end-to-end traffic of services in large telecommunication networks. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Institut National des Télécommunications, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018TELE0005⟩. ⟨tel-01762147⟩

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