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Phosphorylation et interaction hôte/pathogène : analyse de deux facteurs bactériens sécrétés, la kinase CstK de Coxiella burnetii et la phosphatase PtpA de Staphylococcus aureus

Abstract : Bacterial pathogens have developed diverse strategies towards host signalling pathways, in order to subvert the immune response and/or create permissive niches for their survival. One such strategy is based on the secretion of bacterial signalling proteins into the target host cells, thereby directly modulating the status of host signalling networks. Because the mechanisms involved are largely intractable to most in vivo analyses, very little is known about the signals, sensors, and effectors mediating these adaptations. Sensing the host environment is a key component to execute appropriate developmental programs, and the eukaryotic-like phosphosignaling systems in prokaryotes are emerging as equally important regulatory systems as the well-known eukaryotic systems, but the study of their functions is still in its infancy. The innovative aspect of this project resides in the study of the emerging role of secreted Ser/Thr kinases and phosphatases in the control of host-pathogen interactions thus modifying the global host response during infection. During my thesis, I first investigated the role of a novel bacterial protein kinase identified in Coxiella burnetii that we named CstK (Coxiella serine threonine Kinase). C. burnetii, the etiological agent of the emerging zoonosis Q fever, subverts host cell defenses, permitting its intracellular replication in specialized vacuoles within host cells. Secretion of a large number of bacterial effectors into host cell is absolutely required for rerouting the Coxiella phagosome. We demonstrated that this putative protein kinase identified by in silico analysis of the C. burnetii genome is able to autophosphorylate and undergoes in vitro phosphorylation. Moreover, we identified specific host cell proteins interacting with CstK, by the use of the model amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum, an eukaryotic professional phagocyte amenable to genetic and biochemical studies. In the second part of my project, I was interested in the role of a putative secreted protein tyrosine phosphatase (PtpA) during Staphylococcus aureus infection. Well-known in hospital-acquired diseases, this bacteria produces multiple virulence factors that lead to various severe diseases, and the increase of multi-resistant strains is a major concern. This pathogen has the ability to invade and persist in a number of different human host cell types, secreting effector proteins to modulate cellular responses. Here we demonstrated that PtpA is secreted during the bacterial growth. We also determined that PtpA presents a tyrosine phosphatase activity that is regulated by the tyrosine protein kinase CapA1B2 of S. aureus. At last, using the D. discoideum model, we identified some host proteins that interact with PtpA, but their link with infection still remain to be studied.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01760874
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Submitted on : Friday, April 6, 2018 - 5:25:10 PM
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Solène Brelle. Phosphorylation et interaction hôte/pathogène : analyse de deux facteurs bactériens sécrétés, la kinase CstK de Coxiella burnetii et la phosphatase PtpA de Staphylococcus aureus. Bactériologie. Université Montpellier, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015MONTS094⟩. ⟨tel-01760874⟩

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