Le régime linguistique algérien à travers l'étude du militantisme pour la langue amazighe : un contexte de sens entre imaginaire et pratiques

Abstract : This thesis looks at the Algerian language regime through the lens of activism for the amazigh language. The main objective is to examine the political meaning of the Amazigh activists’ grievances and its impact on the Algerian language regime. In other words, it aims to understand the nature of these actors’ representations within particular institutional structures. My hypothesis suggests a link between Amazigh linguistic militancy and democratic citizenship. This hypothesis will be verified through the theory of "language regimes" and "state traditions" (Cardinal and Sonntag, 2015), the concept of "context of meaning" (Cefaï, 1998; 2003), the knowledge co-construction method and the notion of likelihood (Dubet, 1994; 2000). These analytical tools will allow me to classify the various meanings included in the activists’ political imaginary (emotions, values, ideals, etc.) that converge in the discourse towards the idea of democratic citizenship. Then, we will see how their representations are translated into practice and influence the Algerian language regime’s trajectory, especially during its critical conjunctures (1980, 1994-1995, 2001-2002, 2011-2016). These findings will highlight that the Amazigh linguistic activism imposes counter-hegemonic representations within a fundamentally hegemonic and authoritarian linguistic regime. These representations translate into benefits and concessions in favour of the Amazigh language, while being simultaneously used by the language regime – influenced by certain state traditions - to maintain its stability and hegemony. For this purpose, this study is based on a qualitative methodology, combining primary (semi-directed interviews and observation) and secondary sources (analysis of documents, archives, and other engaged artistic work).
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Djamel Chikh. Le régime linguistique algérien à travers l'étude du militantisme pour la langue amazighe : un contexte de sens entre imaginaire et pratiques. Science politique. Université Paris-Saclay; Université d'Ottawa, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLV039⟩. ⟨tel-01760527⟩

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