Anisotropie de propriétés mécaniques d'origine morphologique et cristallographique de l'alliage de titane β-métastable Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr : influence sur la durabilité en fatigue

Abstract : Β-metastable titanium alloys are widely used in the aerospace industry due to the combination of superior mechanical properties with a low density and a good corrosion resistance. In contrast with α or α/β alloys, 40 % of β phase are retained at room temperature in these alloys. This phase, with a body-centered cubic structure, is known to exhibit a high elastic anisotropy. A significant influence is expected on the deformation processes operating at the microstructure scale. The PhD work detailed in the present manuscript focuses on the relationship between durability of Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr under cyclic loadings, which is a critical concern for aerospace components, and the elastic anisotropy of the β phase. Elastic anisotropy was first studied in order to enable a proper description of crystalline elasticity in the the β phase. Different academic microstructures were designed to isolate the contribution of the α phase. A characterization of the crystallographic texture using the EBSD technique combined with estimation of Young’s modulus using the dynamic resonance method enabled to review and criticize the elastic constants datasets available in the literature for the β phase. Finally, the contribution of the α precipitation was re-introduced in order to model the properties of the alloy with an industrially used microstructure.The plastic deformation and damage processes operating under monotonic and cyclic loadings were then characterized by considering the local crystallographic orientation of both phases. This enabled to study the influence of elastic anisotropy on the mechanical behavior at multiple scales as well as to identify the microstructural arrangements favoring damage. The consequences on durability of the Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr alloy under fatigue loading are finally discussed.
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Aurélien Helstroffer. Anisotropie de propriétés mécaniques d'origine morphologique et cristallographique de l'alliage de titane β-métastable Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr : influence sur la durabilité en fatigue. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ESMA0001⟩. ⟨tel-01760118⟩

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