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Multi-descriptor retrieval in digitalized photographs collections

Abstract : Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) is a discipline of Computer Science which aims at automatically structuring image collections according to some visual criteria. The offered functionalities include the efficient access to images in a large database of images, or the identification of their content through object detection and recognition tools. They impact a large range of fields which manipulate this kind of data, such as multimedia, culture, security, health, scientific research, etc.To index an image from its visual content first requires producing a visual summary of this content for a given use, which will be the index of this image in the database. From now on, the literature on image descriptors is very rich; several families of descriptors exist and in each family, a lot of approaches live together. Many descriptors do not describe the same information and do not have the same properties. Therefore it is relevant to combine some of them to better describe the image content. The combination can be implemented differently according to the involved descriptors and to the application. In this thesis, we focus on the family of local descriptors, with application to image and object retrieval by example in a collection of images. Their nice properties make them very popular for retrieval, recognition and categorization of objects and scenes. Two directions of research are investigated:Feature combination applied to query-by-example image retrieval: the core of the thesis rests on the proposal of a model for combining low-level and generic descriptors in order to obtain a descriptor richer and adapted to a given use case while maintaining genericity in order to be able to index different types of visual contents. The considered application being query-by-example, another major difficulty is the complexity of the proposal, which has to meet with reduced retrieval times, even with large datasets. To meet these goals, we propose an approach based on the fusion of inverted indices, which allows to represent the content better while being associated with an efficient access method.Complementarity of the descriptors: We focus on the evaluation of the complementarity of existing local descriptors by proposing statistical criteria of analysis of their spatial distribution. This work allows highlighting a synergy between some of these techniques when judged sufficiently complementary. The spatial criteria are employed within a regression-based prediction model which has the advantage of selecting the suitable feature combinations globally for a dataset but most importantly for each image. The approach is evaluated within the fusion of inverted indices search engine, where it shows its relevance and also highlights that the optimal combination of features may vary from an image to another.Additionally, we exploit the previous two proposals to address the problem of cross-domain image retrieval, where the images are matched across different domains, including multi-source and multi-date contents. Two applications of cross-domain matching are explored. First, cross-domain image retrieval is applied to the digitized cultural photographic collections of a museum, where it demonstrates its effectiveness for the exploration and promotion of these contents at different levels from their archiving up to their exhibition in or ex-situ. Second, we explore the application of cross-domain image localization, where the pose of a landmark is estimated by retrieving visually similar geo-referenced images to the query images
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Neelanjan Bhowmik. Multi-descriptor retrieval in digitalized photographs collections. Geography. Université Paris-Est, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1037⟩. ⟨tel-01759559⟩

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