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Structure et réactivité des triarylbismuths : approche théorique et expérimentale

Abstract : Triarylbismuths are organometallic reagents of growing interest for organic synthesis, for their ability to transfer the three aryl moieties in C-C Pd-catalysed cross-coupling reactions. These essentially non-toxic, atom efficient reactants are attractive in the context of environment-friendly chemistry and have applications in pharmaceutical chemistry and in material science. However, their development is hampered by lack of theoretical understanding. This thesis aims to explore the reactivity of these species by comparing the experimental data to fundamental theoretical studies (structural, spectroscopic, thermodynamic and kinetic properties) resulting from DFT calculations. The ultimate goal is to predict new reactivities and selectivities. A first approach consists in a comparative study on the relation between structure and properties in compounds having a pnictogen central atom like bismuth, and in different organobismuths. The existing experimental data (crystallographic, NMR, IR) were compared to the results of theoretical calculations (structures, energies, vibrational modes, reactivity parameters, etc.). After highlighting the intrinsic properties of these compounds and validating the DFT method, a new study was undertaken to elucidate the relations between structure and reactivity. This second investigation enabled us to validate the mechanism of the cross-coupling reaction involving triarylbismuths under palladium catalysis. The three major steps of the catalytic cycle have been examined, i.e. the oxidative addition, transmetallation and reductive elimination, and validated by characterizing the different intermediates and transition states. The second transmetalation step involving the triarylbismuths has also been deeply investigated. The transferability of the three aryl groups and the influence of the electronic and steric effects of the substituents on the energy barrier have been evaluated. Finally, the reactivity of triarylbismuths has been compared with that of other organometallics, to develop new synthetic approaches
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 5, 2018 - 11:31:37 AM
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Pricilia Kutudila. Structure et réactivité des triarylbismuths : approche théorique et expérimentale. Chimie théorique et/ou physique. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1123⟩. ⟨tel-01759242⟩

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