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Se représenter les émotions du personnage du récit : contributions méthodologiques chez l’enfant âgé de huit à dix ans et perspectives interculturelles

Abstract : This thesis examines the ability of children aged eight to ten years to produce inferences about the emotional state of the protagonist while they discover the story (i.e., online evaluation). Four main objectives have to be distinguished. First, the specificity of the emotional inferences children produced is examined through two types of tasks already used and validated in adults, namely a completion task and a multiple-choice task. Regarding the completion task, children are invited to write down the emotion the character is supposed to feel at this moment of the story. For the multiple-choice task, they have to select from a list of emotional labels the one that best fits the situation described. Secondly, this thesis provides a relevant framework to assess the development of children’s emotional knowledge by considering their ability to infer both basic emotions and social emotions. Thirdly, our purpose is to highlight that the expressivity of the narrator can be of help in inferring the character’s emotions. Finally, in order to open this work to an intercultural comparison, children’s ability to infer the emotion of the character has been considered both in France and in Mauritius. In view of these different objectives, the series of studies we carried address both methodological and theoretical issues. Overall, the present thesis provides additional data to the current state of knowledge in psychology about children’s ability to represent the character’s emotional state and underlines related pedagogical contributions to reinforce practices in the field of education.
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Guy Quénette. Se représenter les émotions du personnage du récit : contributions méthodologiques chez l’enfant âgé de huit à dix ans et perspectives interculturelles. Psychologie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MON30042⟩. ⟨tel-01757870⟩

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