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Formation des acides gras poly-hydroxylés et incorporation dans la cutine chez Arabidopsis thaliana

Abstract : Plants are sessile organisms that are not able to escape from difficult environmental conditions and therefore have to adapt to multiple abiotic and biotic stress to survive. Cutin is a part of the cuticle which plays a major role as a barrier for the plant. It’s a lipid polymer composed mainly by hydroxylated and epoxidized C16 and C18 fatty acids linked together by ester links involving the carboxyl and ω-hydroxyl functions of those fatty acids. Cutin plays also a role as a reservoir of molecules with fundamental physiological properties. With biochemical and genetic approaches, we characterized AtEH1, an epoxide hydrolase responsible for the formation of diols incorporated in Arabidopsis thaliana cutin. These diols are described as being involved in plant-pathogen interactions. We also showed that these compounds as well as others fatty acids derivatives are perceived by plants. We have also identified and characterized CYP77B1, an epoxidase that has a potential role in the formation of polyhydroxylated fatty acids incorporated in cutin.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 3, 2018 - 6:25:08 PM
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Emmanuelle Pineau. Formation des acides gras poly-hydroxylés et incorporation dans la cutine chez Arabidopsis thaliana. Génomique, Transcriptomique et Protéomique [q-bio.GN]. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAJ052⟩. ⟨tel-01757641⟩

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