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Caractérisation des fonctions neuroprotectives des interfaces sang-cerveau au cours du développement normal, dans les tumeurs périventriculaires et dans un modèle d’excitotoxicité périnatale

Abstract : Blood-brain interfaces including blood-brain barrier (BBB), choroid plexuses (CP) or circumventricular organs (CVO) are physiological barriers required for brain homeostasis. These barriers are “physical”, with tight junctions, and “enzymatic”. Though long considered immature in fetuses, these barriers are present from an early stage of development. Their characteristics and their properties are largely unknown in humans. Our work demonstrates that CP express tight junction-associated proteins claudins (CLDN) 1, 2, and 3 at early stages of development in rat and human. This expression is dynamic during development as shown by the progressive increase of CLDN2 immunopositivity that may follow increase in cerebrospinal fluid secretion. CLDN 1 and 3 are identified in human fetal subcommissural organ (SCO), one of the CVO. CLDN5 is early expressed in rat and human BBB and its expression is disrupted by excitotoxic injury. Our work also shows that CLDN immunohistochemical profile is useful in tumoral pathology, notably to better understand and diagnose tumors arising from CP or the SCO. Finally, various antioxidant and detoxifying enzymes such as the microsomal epoxide hydrolase are expressed at 22 weeks of gestation in the human fetus, mainly in CP. These results suggest a high detoxifying capacity for the CP during development in humans
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 3, 2018 - 4:10:08 PM
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Alexandre Vasiljevic. Caractérisation des fonctions neuroprotectives des interfaces sang-cerveau au cours du développement normal, dans les tumeurs périventriculaires et dans un modèle d’excitotoxicité périnatale. Neurosciences. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1328⟩. ⟨tel-01757322⟩

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