Analyse des musiques d'informatique, vers une intégration de l'artefact : propositions théoriques et application sur Jupiter (1987) de Philippe Manoury

Abstract : This thesis question the musical analysis of computer music works. These works are particular insofar as they exist with a wholly singular medium, a digital medium, which we name artifact. Our reflection starts from the ascertainment that the means needed to understand the artifact are new for the theory of musical analysis. Thereby our work begins with the following question : « how does computer music works can be analyzed with the help of their artifact ? ». Our thesis intends to answer to this question through a pioneer work from the 1980s, Jupiter, composed by Philippe Manoury at Ircam with Miller Puckette. Our answer is built in three parts. At first, we enlighten artifact by defining five points of singularity which characterize them. In the same line we identify a key system in the study of artifact, the Man Artifact Sound system. The second part is dedicated to our answer. One of the main difficulties in studying artifact is that they are structured in different levels of abstraction, and each one has its own structure. Consequently, the understanding of artifact had to be done inside a highly dynamic process, where the computational, sound and musical significations overlap as much as necessary. A conceptual framework is then suggested by which artifacts can be described, taking into account the different levels of abstraction. In the last part we put into practice those last propositions in analyzing Jupiter. His artifact is entirely dismantled and then an analysis is carried out, section by section, in confronting the listening and the knowledge we get from the artifact.
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Maxence Larrieu. Analyse des musiques d'informatique, vers une intégration de l'artefact : propositions théoriques et application sur Jupiter (1987) de Philippe Manoury. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Paris-Est, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PESC0007⟩. ⟨tel-01757277⟩

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