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Optomechanical transduction applied to M/NEMS devices

Abstract : During several last years, technological advances in the field of silicon micromachininghave initiated the industrial growth of Micro/Nano Electro Mechanical Systems(M/NEMS) for fabricating sensors or actuators.In the field of NEMS with sub-micron sizes, the properties allow for targeting applicationsin biomedical or biochemical analyses. It has been demonstrated that thesenano mass (or force) sensors achieve resolutions of the order of zeptogram (10−21 g)or picoNewton, hence allowing early diagnosis of certain cancers.Transduction schemes of these systems are currently based on electrical principles:many teams have nevertheless shown that photonics operates and detects tiny displacementin the order of femtometer. This hybrid technology, photonic circuitassociated with M/NEMS, potentially offers a significant improvement compared toelectrical transduction.The purpose of the thesis consists of developing the optomechanical transductionfor NEMS resonators displacement. A simple analytical model is presented togetherwith a numerical simulation. The performance of optical detection is compared toelectrical detection features. The comparison is based on objective criteria (sensitivity,noise, crowding) for designing original optomechanical structures. A dedicatedbench has been developed for the optical and mechanical characterizations of thesamples placed in a controlled environment. Measurements on fabricated devicesallow a better understanding of the design constrains and, more in general, of theoptomechanical detection applied to NEMS.i
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Luca Leoncino. Optomechanical transduction applied to M/NEMS devices. Optics [physics.optics]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAY067⟩. ⟨tel-01757058⟩

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