Approche des liens entre transport de marchandises en ville, formes urbaines et congestion : Le cas de l'Ile-de-France

Abstract : Urban goods movements (UGM) are essential for economic activities in urban areas, but they are also generators of negative externalities, including road congestion. However, while the measure of time losses is a common research practice, the contribution of UGM is less frequently studied. The reciprocal impact of congestion on UGM operations is also rarely addressed, especially from the perspective of urban planning and geographic analysis. Yet, road occupancy by freight vehicles, and their impacts on UGM operations and organization can be considered as the results of socio-spatial phenomena.This thesis proposes an analysis of road occupancy by freight vehicles, of the induced congestion costs, and of the impacts on UGM operations. From a theoretical perspective, we analyze UGM as various industrial processes (which should be considered in a wider perspective than the simple transport operation), with diverse characteristics, implemented by companies to meet the supply needs of companies of an urban area. We also emphasize the need to analyze the links between those industrial processes and urban forms, and we focus on the difficult relationship between UGM and urban density. From an empirical perspective we rely on several data sources (including the Urban Goods Movements Survey (UGMS) performed in Ile-de-France in 2010). While our framework is grounded in spatial analysis, our empirical analyses of road congestion induced by urban freight also borrow from several disciplinary fields, including traffic engineering and transport economics
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Adrien Beziat. Approche des liens entre transport de marchandises en ville, formes urbaines et congestion : Le cas de l'Ile-de-France. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1036⟩. ⟨tel-01757032⟩

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