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Développement d’un macroélément pour l’étude des fondations superficielles sous charge sismique

Abstract : This PhD work concerns the elaboration of a method to verify the seismic sustainability of shallow foundations considering 2011 seismic zoning of France. It is a part of a research contract between EDF CEIDRE and IFSTTAR.To this end, a macroelement based model is developed in order to assess nonlinear soil structure interaction. The elastoplastic formulation of the macroelement constitutive model is compliant with the classical plasticity theory. The formulations for the plastic mechanisms are inspired from the applied standard (Eurocodes 7 & 8). The rate dependent response and the effects of the embedment and the soil inertia efforts are taken into account. The parameters for the constitutive model are defined from laboratory or field tests, or calibrated from static finite element method simulations. The calculation cost is significantly reduced due to the simplified modelling of the soil and its non linearities. Another advantage is that the macroelement based tool is formulated in terms of generalized variables (forces and displacements): this promotes its application in the verification of the sustainability of shallow foundations (bearing capacity, sliding, overturning, settlements, translations, rotations and distortions).The macroelement is implemented in the Finite Element software CESAR LCPC. It allows to simulate the static and the seismic behaviour of a shallow foundation. Three alternative approaches to assess SSI through this model are possible. These alternative approaches are explained and tested under static and seismic load.Then, it is used to perform parametric studies involving various input motions derived from earthquake recordings. The seismic response of a simple structure is studied with respect to the input motion key parameters.Finally, the static and seismic behaviour of a real structure is analysed. The structure is founded on a large raft foundation laying on a multi-layered soil. The seismic hazard is defined by five 0.4 g-PGA accelerograms. Verification to the applied standards is performed on the base of the simulation results, considering many features of the seismic behaviour
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Youssef Abboud. Développement d’un macroélément pour l’étude des fondations superficielles sous charge sismique. Génie civil. Université Paris-Est, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1010⟩. ⟨tel-01757023⟩

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