Les manifestations taurines populaires en Camargue et leurs publics : un champ social entre équilibre et tension

Abstract : Can a two-century old local tradition survive the globalization of leisure and recreation? When it comes to bull racing, studying the audience/spectators is important. Extensive bull-breeding, which is one of the main industries in Camargue, is not really profitable and cannot survive by breeding bulls for racing alone. The common assumption is that the spectators of Camargue bull races tend to be rather old rural folks. If this is really the case, the future of bull racing and the ecological balance of the territory depend on audience renewal of taurine culture. Little known outside Provence and Languedoc, taurine events remain quite popular in Camargue and surrounding areas. Why is the interest of locals for these so-called “traditions” so keen? As we started interviewing aficionados for this research we were able to outline a social field (Bourdieu, 1992) for Camargue bull racing. This thesis, pertaining to Information and Communication sciences, focuses on the field of Camargue bull racing. This field is fairly autonomous, yet relies on the social, economic and political context. It belongs to a universe of conflicting interests and power struggles between social actors. A quantitative survey compiled from 626 questionnaires provides a first outline of the audiences of Camargue bull racing. Several transmission mechanisms have been identified. Intergenerational transmission is complemented by an integration mechanism that transcends the field’s borders. Aficionados act as mediators for first-time spectators and the feeling of belonging to the “bouvine” community strengthens the field.
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Laure Marchis Mouren. Les manifestations taurines populaires en Camargue et leurs publics : un champ social entre équilibre et tension. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université d'Avignon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AVIG1180⟩. ⟨tel-01756115⟩

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