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Caractérisation et modélisation du rôle des défauts microstructuraux dans la fatigue oligocyclique des alliages d'aluminium de fonderie : Application au procédé à modèle perdu

Abstract : This study aims to characterize the fatigue damage mechanisms that lead to the rupture of a cast aluminum alloy AlSi7Cu3Mg produced by lost foam casting at 250°C under large scale yielding. Its characterization by X-ray micro-tomography (µCT) showed the complexity and the strong 3D aspect of its microstructure: large pores with complex shapes (>1mm) and a network of interconnected hard particles are present. An experimental setup was developed to perform high-temperature fatigue tests monitored in situ by synchrotron µCT. These tests revealed the interactions between cracks and microstructural elements. Cracks initiated, in the bulk, on hard particles located in the vicinity of shrinkage cavities. Cracks propagation appears to be correlated to the progressive rupture of particles present in front of the crack tip. These observations were completed by crack growth tests carried out on macroscopic specimens. A pore-free material (similar to the first) was produced to dissociate the role of pores and particles on the low cycle fatigue behavior of the material. Pores appear to be more critical regarding cracks initiation. Realistic finite element meshes have been generated to perform elasto-viscoplastic simulations which have allowed to propose a criterion for cracks initiation. Critical areas regarding cracks initiation are correlated to areas where the inelastic strain energies are maximum. The crack paths correspond to areas where inelastic strains are located and where the levels of stress triaxiality are high. All these informations allowed to propose a damage scenario. Finally, the tests on macroscopic specimens allowed to propose a crack growth speed model for both materials. This model, easily usable by engineers, have been validated for different loadings.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 3:55:09 PM
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Sébastien Dézécot. Caractérisation et modélisation du rôle des défauts microstructuraux dans la fatigue oligocyclique des alliages d'aluminium de fonderie : Application au procédé à modèle perdu. Matériaux. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSEI148⟩. ⟨tel-01755485⟩

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