Condensation de Bose-Einstein multiple dans les modes d’ordre supérieurs d’une cavité optique bi-fréquence

Abstract : Quantum degenerate gases of neutral atoms are excellent systems with important applications in the study of many body quantum physics, condensed matter physics, precision measurements, and quantum information processing. In this thesis we demonstrate the creation of 87Rb Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) in different transverse modes of a bow-tie cavity. The cavity resonant at two wavelengths, 1560 and 780 nm. We are using the radiation 1560 nm accessible in telecom (C band) to create BEC in the cavity enhanced optical dipole trap with only 3 W of optical power from the source. The non-degenerate cavity modes enable the creation of arrays of BECs in the higher transverse modes. As representative examples we realize the BEC in the fundamental TEM00 and the TEM01 mode of the cavity which are the single well and double well trapping configuration with ultra-cold atomic simple well coupled to the cavity modes. By controlling the relative power between the fundamental and the higher transverses cavity modes (TEM01, TEM10), splitting and merging of ultra-cold atomic ensemble is shown. Moreover, in this manuscript we present the development of a lock system around the optical cavity which allows us to obtain both radiations locked to the cavity as well as the lengthe of the optical resonator is referenced on the rubidium atoms. The second wavelength is derived from 1560 nm beam by frequency doubling and then both radiations are locked to the cavity by Pound-Drever-Hall technique. One part of the frequency doubled 780 nm is referenced to an independent 780 nm laser locked on the rubidium atoms. The beat signal between these two lasers is frequency synthesized and through the PI controller is sent to the piezo-electric transducer driver to avoid long-term drifts of the cavity due to temperature fluctuations. The cavity resonance at 780 nm will be used as a probe beam for cavity aided quantum non-demolition measurements to generate measurement induced spin squeezed states.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 11:07:08 AM
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Grigor Kuyumjyan. Condensation de Bose-Einstein multiple dans les modes d’ordre supérieurs d’une cavité optique bi-fréquence. Autre. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0877⟩. ⟨tel-01754840⟩

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