Dimensions cachées et attentes spatiales dans un espace de pratique de tourisme et de loisir : une analyse géographique de la plage en Charente-Maritime (France)

Abstract : In France, coastline is considered as a major area for tourism and leisure practices and is ranked before city, mountain and rural areas. This tourism attraction questions coastal areas organization and management in a context of coastline development and growing awareness of environmental issues among their managers. Focused on a micro-geographical approach analyzing beaches as recreation areas, this thesis demonstrates and explains that beaches organization and functioning depend on interrelation logics and spatial expectations of beachgoers. This research begins with a conceptual framework before analyzing the beach practice area through the positioning space and population of beachgoers. Later, it identifies hidden dimensions structuring beaches spatiotemporal dynamics distribution attendancy based on both individual, group and practice area scales. These dimensions are composed of geographic distances between users and beach occupation density. Finally, this research analyzes spatial expectations of beachgoers that explain the beach functioning. Between looking for tranquility or sociability, natural or urbanized areas, ordinary or extra-ordinary relation to beach areas, this work demonstrates that spatial expectations influence user’s attitudes and locations alongside beaches, and determine comfort and user’s satisfaction degree. Main results of this research are presented in a beach filling model directed to researchers and beaches' administrators.
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Valentin Guyonnard. Dimensions cachées et attentes spatiales dans un espace de pratique de tourisme et de loisir : une analyse géographique de la plage en Charente-Maritime (France). Géographie. Université de La Rochelle, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LAROF001⟩. ⟨tel-01753587⟩

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