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Etude mathématique de la convergence de la PGD variationnelle dans certains espaces fonctionnels

Abstract : In this thesis, we are interested in the PGD (Proper Generalized Decomposition), one of the reduced order models which consists in searching, a priori, the solution of a partial differential equation in a separated form. This work is composed of five chapters in which we aim to extend the PGD to the fractional spaces and the spaces of functions of bounded variation and to give theoretical interpretations of this method for a class of elliptic and parabolic problems. In the first chapter, we give a brief review of the litterature and then we introduce the mathematical notions and tools used in this work. In the second chapter, the convergence of rank-one alternating minimisation AM algorithms for a class of variational linear elliptic equations is studied. We show that rank-one AM sequences are in general bounded in the ambient Hilbert space and are compact if a uniform non-orthogonality condition between iterates and the reaction term is fulfilled. In particular, if a rank-one (AM) sequence is weakly convergent then it converges strongly and the common limit is a solution of the alternating minimization problem. In the third chapter, we introduce the notion of fractional derivatives in the sense of Riemann-Liouville and then we consider a variational problem which is a generalization of fractional order of the Poisson equation. Basing on the quadratic nature and the decomposability of the associated energy, we prove that the progressive PGD sequence converges strongly towards the weak solution of this problem. In the fourth chapter, we benefit from tensorial structure of the spaces BV with respect to the weak-star topology to define the PGD sequences in this type of spaces. The convergence of this sequence remains an open question. The last chapter is devoted to the d-dimensional heat equation, we discretize in time and then at each time step one seeks the solution of the elliptic equation using the PGD. Then, we show that the piecewise linear function in time obtained from the solutions constructed using the PGD converges to the weak solution of the equation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 4:37:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 8, 2020 - 12:36:01 PM


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Hala Ossman. Etude mathématique de la convergence de la PGD variationnelle dans certains espaces fonctionnels. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Université de La Rochelle, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LAROS006⟩. ⟨tel-01753445⟩



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