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Development and characterization of targeted MART-1-nanoparticles for melanoma treatment and β-lapachone-loaded liposomal in hydrogel for wound healing

Abstract : This thesis had as general objective the development, characterization and evaluation in vitro or in vivo of different nanocarriers, specifically site-specific nanoparticles for the treatment of melanoma and liposomal-hydrogel containing β-lapachone for topical wound healing. The first part of this thesis consisted in a literature review about the recent advances in nanoparticles for the targeting of therapeutic agents to circulating and mesenchymal melanoma cells. In addition, this review deepened the knowledge about the main biomarkers identified in these cells and which characteristics of nanocarriers may influence on their in vivo performance. In the experimental phase, nanoparticles were developed through the nanoprecipitation method of polymers derived from poly (γ-benzyl-L-glutamate). Next, immunonanoparticles conjugated with MART-1 antibody specific for melanoma cells were obtained through the streptavidin-biotin binding. The conjugation of this antibody on the nanoparticles surface was evaluated by western blot. The nanoparticles were characterized and evaluated in vitro in B16-GFP melanoma cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the complement activation was investigated by bidimensional immunoelectrophoresis. The nanoparticles presented sizes between 20 and 100 nm and negative surface charge (-3 to -30 mV). The conjugation of antibody on the nanoparticle surfaces was detected by the western blot technique and confirmed by the changes in particle size and surface charge. The developed nanoparticles were not able to activate the complement system being considered long blood circulation. Regarding the in vitro analysis, the particles did not show cytotoxicity when tested in melanoma cells or normal endothelial cells. In the cell capture assays, the immunonanoparticles, containing a specific antibody for the recognition of the overexpressed antigen in melanoma cells, showed an increase of 40 to 50% in the uptake for these cells, indicating a specificity of this nanocarrier. The second part of this thesis consisted of the development, characterization and evaluation of the in vivo wound healing activity of β-lapachone encapsulated in multilamellar liposomes and incorporated in a biopolymer hydrogel produced by Zoogloea sp (β-lap-Lipo/ZBP/HEC). β-lap-Lipo/ZBP/HEC presented pH and rheological behavior suitable for topical application, as well as a slower release profile of β-lapachone through the hydrogel. Histopathological analyzes of the healing activity in vivo, showed that the biopolymer hydrogel vehicle was able to stimulate tissue repair, with the increase of local cellularity, fibroblasts, inflammatory cells, blood vessels and collagen fibers, during the proliferative phase of wound healing. In addition, β-lap-Lipo/ZBP/HEC promoted an increase in local angiogenesis and a decrease of inflammation at the wound site. These results demonstrate a promising topical application of β-lap-Lipo/ZBP/HEC for wound therapy. In conclusion, this thesis contributed for the development of promising nanocarriers with different biological applications and administration routes, such as systemic treatment of melanoma and topical action in wound healing.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 3:06:07 PM
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Sarah Brandao Palacio. Development and characterization of targeted MART-1-nanoparticles for melanoma treatment and β-lapachone-loaded liposomal in hydrogel for wound healing. Galenic pharmacology. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE); Universidade federal de Pernambuco (Récife, Brésil), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS487⟩. ⟨tel-01753178⟩

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