Linearity : an analytic tool in the study of complexity and semantics of programming languages

Abstract : In the first part, we propose, inspired by Soft Linear Logic, a type assignment system for lambda-calculus in sequent calculus style, named Soft Type Assignment (STA). STA enjoys the subject reduction property. and is correct and complete for polynomial time computations. Then, we propose a natural deduction named STA_N. While simple, STA_N has the disadvantage of allowing the explicit renaming of variables in the subject. To overcome to this problem, we propose another natural deduction system, named STA_M, where contexts are multisets, hence rules renaming variables can be avoided. The type inference for STA_M seems in general undecidable. We propose an algorithm Pi returning, for every lambda-term, a set of constraints that need to be satisfied in order to type the term. Pi is correct and complete. We extend the lambda-calculus by basic boolean constants and we propose the system STA_B. The peculiarity of STA_B is that the conditional rule treats the contexts in an additive way. Every STA_B program can be executed, through an abstract machine, in polynomial space. Moreover, STA_B is also complete for PSPACE. In the second part we propose a restriction of PCF, named SlPCF. The language is naturally equipped with an operational semantics mixing call-by-name and call-by-value parameter passing and it can be interpreted in linear coherence space in a standard way. SlPCF is recursive complete, but it is not complete, and thus not fully abstract, with respect to linear coherence spaces
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Marco Gaboardi. Linearity : an analytic tool in the study of complexity and semantics of programming languages. Other. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. English. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL099N⟩. ⟨tel-01752888⟩

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