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Les STAPS face à la pluralité épistémique: approches analytique, normative et compréhensive à partir de l'étude des revues STAPS et Science & Motricité

Abstract : Sport sciences have often been described as a plural, conflicting and even fragmented field (Collinet, 2003; Terral, 2003). Diversity seems to arise at various levels: diversity of topics, research programs, scientism standards, and so on. The state of division intensity has frequently been associated with the concepts of incommensurability and irreducibility. This is why the systematic study of the effective management modalities of this multiplicity by the sport sciences researchers has never been completed. Achieving it is the main goal of this thesis: how does scientific work face in actu the theoretical plurality? In other words: how is the knowledge accumulation accomplished in an epistemic plural field? As part of an analytic approach (Berthelot, 1990), we first formalize the diversity of the various strategies used in order to deal with the plurality of empiric results, methods, topics and paradigms. About three hundred articles published in two of the historic reviews of the field (Science & Motricité and STAPS) were analyzed, allowing us to establish a typology. The theoretical multiplicity can be managed according to the following modalities: debate, regionalization, integration or reduction. These diverse modalities are carried out in various fields and programs about a broad range of studies and by professional sport educators. The diverse attempts to address scientific plurality do not display the same characteristics (Lakatos, 1994); indeed, they turn out to be progressive (with the production of totally new facts) or ad hoc, depending on the study. What they both bring to the topic is quite clear according to a normative approach. This process is also a good opportunity to express what the appropriate attitudes to choose are when facing the multiplicity of paradigms and the attempts to link them. Then, we aim at understanding the motives that encourage some researchers to build integrative models. Ten half-guided interviews revealed the existence of intimate sensitivities which translate a code of ethics regarding the complementarity thêmata (Holton, 1981). Eventually, we analyzed some philosophic implications which inhere in the problematic of the theoretical plurality. In particular we tend to understand how does the multiplicity progress and what are the interests. Also, the mechanisms that lead to the strengthening of the epistemological controversies are highlighted here. Homologies between the ways to address the multiplicity in a scientific context versus in other social sectors are lastly spotted. They appear to be few in number and from a logical point of view to be restricted to some modalities like the confrontation, regionalization, integration and reduction.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 27, 2013 - 2:37:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 21, 2021 - 5:32:48 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01749128, version 2

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Matthieu Quidu. Les STAPS face à la pluralité épistémique: approches analytique, normative et compréhensive à partir de l'étude des revues STAPS et Science & Motricité. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21029⟩. ⟨tel-01749128v2⟩

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