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Transfert du génie industriel vers l'ingénierie urbaine : vers une approche collaborative des projets urbains

Abstract : The complexity of urban systems is a constant challenge for the actors who are confronted with it. Prolific multidisciplinary literature shows the appreciation of this phenomenon is widely conditioned by personal culture, disciplinary knowledge and professional know-how. From a research angle, analyzing complex systems from various points of view (user, technician, public authority, researcher) helps generate original development opportunities. This thesis results from a meeting between industrial engineering, political sciences and town planning around a logic of technology transfer. Indeed, the technologies of collaborative design and user-centric innovation are among the answers industrial engineering brings to problems generated by complexity. Our analysis brings us then to consider the potential that the adaptation of distributed collaborative design (DCD) represents. Consequently, we formulate tools, methods and one specific environment necessary for the development of a DCD dedicated to urban projects to facilitate their global and sustainable acceptability. These studies ask subsequently the question of role which should be given to the final user in the urban project design process. Political sciences help us to understand the relations between citizens and experts. This gives us elements to develop a collaborative approach from the conceptualization phase as this impacts the whole development of the projects. More globally, such collaborative processes may contribute to the emergence of sustainable cities
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  • HAL Id : tel-01748788, version 1


Laurent Dupont. Transfert du génie industriel vers l'ingénierie urbaine : vers une approche collaborative des projets urbains. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009INPL069N⟩. ⟨tel-01748788v1⟩



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