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Acceptabilité de la récupération nutritionnelle ambulatoire chez les enfants de sept ans et plus infectés par le VIH suivis dans douze sites de prise en charge au Sénégal

Abstract : Malnutrition is a recurrent disease in Africa, particularly affecting children and adolescents living with HIV. Senegal was one of the first African countries to implement a national program for access to antiretrovirals (ISAARV) from 1997. Nevertheless, as in most countries, pediatric in relation to that of adults. Malnutrition and HIV infection interact and increase the risk of child morbidity and mortality. However, international recommendations have focused on the management of malnutrition among children under five years of age. There are few guidelines for nutritional recovery in children over five years of age and adolescents infected with HIV.It was in this context that the Snac's study was set up to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptability of ambulatory nutrition recovery through the administration of Ready-to-Use Foods ) in HIV-infected children and adolescents in 12 treatment sites in Dakar and Senegal. The objective of this thesis is to evaluate, within the framework of this study 1 / the acceptability of an innovative information system for children and parents for participation in research 2 / the acceptability of the recovery intervention nutritional status in children and adolescents and to identify factors and barriers to acceptability 3 / the acceptability of the intervention among the caregivers involved in the study.Three surveys were conducted during the Snac's project at the two sites in Dakar and the ten regional sites for children, parents / caregivers and health professionals. Interviews with children on successful or unsuccessful treatment of malnutrition and with parents were conducted by focus group. They included 112 children at the time of inclusion and 71 children at the time of study exit. Individual interviews were held with 30 healthcare professionals. The quantitative data were processed with SAS and qualitative data using the Dedoose ™ software.Results: The Standardized Information System for Research (dsir) had the advantage of standardizing and making participants' information easily understandable. It was enjoyed by children / teenagers, and by parents / guardians. 68% of parents / guardians and 58% of children / adolescents, correctly answered at least 7/8 questions. The notion that was least well understood by parents / guardians and children / adolescents was the right to leave the study, with respective rates of correct answers of 54% and 36% respectively. The Acceptability Survey identified three determinants that may represent an obstacle to adherence of children / adolescents to ambulatory ape-based nutritional management: ape disgust, adverse effects, and the duration of the waiting period before the consultation. Interviews with healthcare teams highlighted the difficulties encountered in the management of pediatric HIV. The analyzes showed a good acceptability of the intervention, but an uncertainty as to the possibility of perpetuating it at the end of the project.This work allowed us to experiment with the implementation of the desire, which is interesting even if it needs to be improved. It made it possible to describe the difficulties and the stakes of the management of the pediatric hiv infection in particular in the region, which constitute the environment of the interventions of nutritional recovery. The results of this study show that the ambulatory nutritional recovery device is acceptable to the main actors (children / adolescents, parents / caregivers and healthcare teams), but that its sustainability is only possible with the support and commitment health authorities, the establishment of a regular supply in ape and adequate financial and financial support.
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Marie Varloteaux. Acceptabilité de la récupération nutritionnelle ambulatoire chez les enfants de sept ans et plus infectés par le VIH suivis dans douze sites de prise en charge au Sénégal. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Montpellier, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTT163⟩. ⟨tel-01748058⟩

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