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Expertise en patinage en hockey sur glace : effet des contraintes de tâche

Abstract : Based on the theoretical framework of Ecological Dynamics, the aim of this PhD thesis is to analyse the motor behaviour of expert ice-hockey players in relation to a set of interacting constraints. Based on this theoretical framework, our research investigates the performance indicators in order to understand how ice-hockey expert players’ behaviour emerges, persists and is reorganised when the individuals interacts with a set of constraints. We conduced our work in two stages: i) a qualitative research analysing semi-structured interviews of ice-hockey expert coaches and ii) a biomechanics analysis of forward skating. Analysing 10 ice-hockey expert coaches interviews reveals that coaches used ‘operative knowledge’ organized into three main categories (arm movement, lower limb kinematics and posture). This study allowed us to improve our understanding of performance indicators of expert forward skating. It also helped us to design a more representative biomechanics research protocol of forward skating. The second part of this thesis consists of an analysis of low-order and high-order parameters under task constraints manipulation during 20m forward sprints. Our results showed a strong stability of forward skating pattern at the low-order parameters scale as well as a stable catch-up coordination between the two feet and a stable symmetry in the lower limbs movement coordination when expert player weren’t under puck dribbling situation. When they had to run with the puck, experts’ behaviour revealed a significative variability in skating pattern organisation suggesting flexibility of experts’ behaviour in order to improve their adaptability to tasks constraints.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 28, 2018 - 5:56:07 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 28, 2019 - 3:16:28 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 13, 2018 - 11:12:29 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01745970, version 1


Florian Mell. Expertise en patinage en hockey sur glace : effet des contraintes de tâche. Education. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMR108⟩. ⟨tel-01745970⟩



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