Le comportement irresponsable, conceptualisation et motivations : application dans le champ de la sécurité maritime

Abstract : Every year, rescue operations at sea are increasing. In 2015, there was 5% more rescues than the previous year. Studies reveal that "caution is not systematic" and that there is a real “dangerconsciousness deficit". Usually, they are often referred to "irresponsible" behaviours. Despite of many prevention actions over the past several years, the number of accidents continues to grow. Therefore, it seems important to understand and prevent this irresponsibility first, in order to use the responsibility of boaters more efficiently. The concept of irresponsibility and its motivations are poorly understood in management sciences, and especially in marketing. The purpose of this research is to explain irresponsible behaviours of sailors through their motivations. A review of the literature and two empirical studies have been conducted. The first chapter presents the current maritime context as well as a multidisciplinary literature review on irresponsibility. A conceptual framework of irresponsibility is presented in the second chapter, explaning how it leads to a first theoretical model. This model is improved in the third chapter through the qualitative study : a thematic analysis of content of 16 semidirective interviews. The fourth chapter presents the methodology used to test the model. The fifth chapter is about the creation of « the motivations to irresponsible behaviours » scale, and the validation of the other measuring instruments. The final chapter presents the test of the model and a typological analysis. This research brings a contribution to the literature about the concept of irresponsibility and the measurement of its motivations. This research allows a better understanding of boaters behaviours and suggests some improvements of the maritime prevention campaigns.
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Christelle Lavaud. Le comportement irresponsable, conceptualisation et motivations : application dans le champ de la sécurité maritime. Gestion et management. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BRES0106⟩. ⟨tel-01745525⟩

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