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Exploring quantum circuits with a cQed architecture : application to compressibility measurements

Abstract : On-chip electronic circuits at cryogenic temperature are instrumental to studying the quantum behavior of electrons. In particular, quantum dot circuits represent tunable model systems for the study of strong electronic correlations, epitomized by the Kondo effect. In this thesis, carbon nanotube based-quantum dot circuits are embedded in coplanar microwave cavities, with which circuit quantum electrodynamics (cQED) has reached a high degree of control of the light-matter interaction. Here, microwave cavity photons are used to probe the charge dynamics in the quantum dot circuit. More precisely, the high finesse cavity allows us to measure the compressibility of the electron gas in the dot with an unprecedented sensitivity. Simultaneous measurements of electronic transport and compressibility show that the Kondo resonance observed in the conductance is transparent to microwave photons. This reveals the predicted frozen charge dynamics in the quantum dot for this peculiar electron transport mechanism and illustrates that the many-body Kondo resonance in the conductance is associated to correlations arising from spin fluctuations of a frozen charge. A second quantum phenomenon addressed in this thesis is the possible emergence of a new quasi-particle in condensed matter, called Majorana bound state, which would be its own anti-particle. For that purpose, a ferromagnetic gate has been placed below a nanotube in order to generate a synthetic spin-orbit coupling. The observation of Andreev bound states in such a device is a first promising step towards the detection with a cQED architecture of Majorana bound states in a carbon nanotube.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01745379, version 2

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Matthieu Desjardins. Exploring quantum circuits with a cQed architecture : application to compressibility measurements. Condensed Matter [cond-mat]. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEE044⟩. ⟨tel-01745379v2⟩

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